The Bride:

My beloved is mine, and I am his: he feeds his sheep among the lilies.

The Analogy: The covenant between the Bride and the Groom
bind them together.  I will be their God, and they will be my
people.  The Groom pastures his sheep among the lilies.  Here as
so many times in this Song of Songs, a figure gives rise to another
figure.  The Groom pastures His sheep among those who are
righteous, not among false teachers.

Before the Bride admits of being in darkness and in need of
coming out into the light, she reclaims her attachment and
covenant with the Groom.  She reaffirms her understanding that
His words are pure words and that He teaches righteousness, in
contrast to those foxes and “little foxes” who teach false doctrines.

Jer 31:33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of
Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward
parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be
my people.

16. My beloved is mine, and I am his: he feedeth among the lilies.

Until the breezes of the dawn, when the shadows flee away, surround me
my beloved, and be you like the gazelle, or young deer on the rugged
mountains of Bether.

The Analogy: Now the Bride has come to the recognition that she
is hiding in the shadows and she entreats the Groom to continue to
surround or encompass her with His presence, until the breezes of
the dawn of day come.  Then she will be able to come forth into
the light and let her beauty of holiness and light of righteousness

In the mean time, she entreats the Groom to be like a gazelle and
young deer on the rugged mountains of Bether.  In other words,
come swiftly to her aid in the times of her trouble and difficulty as
the gazelle and young agile deer on the rugged mountains of

17 Until the day breaks, and the shadows flee away, turn, my beloved, and
be thou like a roe or a young hart upon the mountains of Bether.  {of
Bether: or, of division}

                           Part 3

The Bride:
Beginning with this section, we have another perspective of the
Bride's relationship with the Groom.

Throughout the night, on my bed, I sought him whom my soul loves: I
sought him, but I found him not.

The Analogy: As we saw in the last verse of the previous section,
the Bride was waiting in the night for the day to dawn.  Here she
continues to linger in the night.  The darkness brought on by trials
or because she has strayed from the light of the Groom and the
darkness is upon her.  Lying on her bed of afflictions in the
darkness she seeks the Groom.  Though she sought to find Him,
she could not find Him.  Something is not right in her search.  She
is being too lax in her search, for as Jeremiah shows, the Groom
says you shall seek and find me, when you have searched for me
with all your heart.

Jer 29:13 And ye shall seek me, and find me, when ye shall search for me
with all your heart.   

1  By night on my bed I sought him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but
I found him not.

So, I decided to go out into the city, into the streets and to the squares and
seek him whom my soul loves.  I sought him, but I could not find him.

The Analogy: Realizing that her previous search was not netting
her any results, she decided to arise from her bed of ease in the
darkness of night and become more diligent in her search.  She
decided to turn her back on the comforts and security of her
dwelling place and go out into the city streets and squares or
plazas to seek the Groom whom she loved.  This would be a move
filled with danger for during the night on the streets of a city, she
could find herself being taunted by those who would presume her
to be a "lady of the night."  But this move does show that she was
willing to search in earnest so she could regain the relationship of
the Groom.  She was searching for the light of day that only the
Groom could give her.  

Though she sought him, she did not find him.  This was a period of
testing to see just how much the Bride really loved the Groom.  
How fervent would she seek for Him?  Was her search in deadly
earnest, or would she give up soon - if the Groom did not reveal
Himself to her?  

2. I will rise now, and go about the city in the streets, and in the broad
ways I will seek him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but I found him

The watchmen who go about the city found me: to whom I said, “Did you
see him whom my soul loves?”

The Analogy: The watchmen or prophets and teachers of the
Groom who watch out for the safety of the citizens of the city
found the Bride.  Thinking they should certainly know where the
Groom was, she questioned them.  "Have you seen Him whom I
love?  Do you know the way of righteousness that leads to my
beloved?  Can you explain how I may find Him?

Eze 33:7 So thou, O son of man, I have set thee a watchman unto the house
of Israel; therefore thou shalt hear the word at my mouth, and warn them
from me.   

3. The watchmen that go about the city found me: to whom I said, Saw ye
him whom my soul loveth?

I had gone but a little way past them, when I found him whom my soul
loves.  I held him, and would not let him go until I had brought him into my
Mother's house, and into the chamber of her who conceived me.

The Analogy: It seems that the watchmen (prophets) could not
help her find the way to her Beloved.  Perhaps they were
preaching another gospel and were more intent on teaching about
the wrong way that leads away from the Groom.  In any case,
after she got by them a ways, after she realized that they were
not going to help her find the Groom, she continued on her search
and then all of a sudden she found Him!  Her love for Him had
helped her find Him.  She had found the path of righteousness that
led her to Him and she determined to never let Him go.

Heb 2:1  Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things
that we have heard, lest at any time we should let them slip.  {let...: Gr. run
out as leaking vessels}  

The last part of the verse denotes a very close relationship
brought about because of the Bride's efforts at hanging on until
such a full relationship between her and the Groom had become a
reality.  My mother's house would suggest the origin of one's
being.  This was where the Bride's physical life began.  Now she
had made the Groom and His ways a part of all that she had ever
been or would be in this physical life.  This shows the Bride
fulfilling her part of the covenant between her and the Groom.

4 It was but a little that I passed from them, but I found him whom my soul
loveth: I held him, and would not let him go, until I had brought him into
my mother's house, and into the chamber of her that conceived me.

I charge you, O maidens of Jerusalem, by the hind and the roes of the field,
that you do not disturb our love - ever!

The Analogy: Here the Bride cautions her companions (maidens of
Jerusalem) that they do not in anyway disturb the love
relationship that has come to her and the Groom.  They are
admonished to reflect on the deer and the gazelles of the field
which scripture tells us are the loving hind and the pleasant roe.  
They are to never do anything that would awaken, disturb, or
hinder this relationship.  This was said in verse 7 of chapter 2.  The
indication, after all has happened, is that the relationship between
the Bride and the Groom at that time has now been recaptured
and this charge, to those who might try to weaken the relationship,
is repeated.

In the first instance, the Groom had brought the Bride into His
wine chamber, this time the Bride has brought the Groom into her
mother's chamber.  The first instance shows the Groom keeping
His part of the covenant and the second is about the Bride keeping
her part of the covenant after much difficulty.

Pr 5:19 Let her be as the loving hind and pleasant roe; let her breasts
satisfy thee at all times; and be thou ravished always with her love.  
{satisfy...: Heb. water thee}  {be thou...: Heb. err thou always in her love}  

5. I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds
of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake my love, till he please.

The Virgins of Jerusalem:

Who is this sweeping in from the wilderness like an upright palm
tree sending forth the smoke of incense, smelling of myrrh and
frankincense and every other spice that can be bought from the

The Analogy: The Bride is seen by the daughters or virgins of
Jerusalem as it were, coming out of the wilderness, a dry and
thirsty ground where the Groom had pleaded with His Bride face
to face.  At last, the Bride had triumphed over her sinful nature
and she is seen as returning to the city with the towering grace of
a palm tree.  She is dispensing sweet smelling incense of prayers to
Him and He is meditating on and accepting those prayers of praise
to Him.

The various perfumes would be, the fruits of the spirit given to
her, by the Groom; and she has become a delight to those who will
be influenced to righteousness.

Eze 19:13 And now she is planted in the wilderness, in a dry and thirsty

Eze 20:35 And I will bring you into the wilderness of the people, and there
will I plead with you face to face.  

6. Who is this that cometh out of the wilderness like pillars of smoke
perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all powders of the merchant?

Behold it is the throne of Solomon; sixty mighty men are about it, the
mighty men of Israel.

The Analogy: This seems to be a portable throne on which
Solomon was carried.  Solomon's throne is a type, and the throne
of the Groom is the reality.  Solomon was the son of David and his
name means peace.  Obviously Solomon is the type and the reality
is the Son of David, The Messiah, who is the Prince of Peace.

Isa 9:6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the
government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called
Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince
of Peace.  

Men of valor in the word of God, surround the Bride.  While this
may not be true of men now living, we have the men of the bible
who stand firmly against any false doctrine or fiery dart of Satan.  
The word Israel means: “God prevails.”  These are men who have
prevailed with God against sin.  They are there beside the Groom
to protect the Bride.

7  Behold his bed, which is Solomon's; threescore valiant men are about it,
of the valiant of Israel.

They all handle the sword and are expert in war.  Every man has his sword
upon his thigh, on guard against an attack in the night.

The Analogy: The sword is the word of God, the bible.  All these
men handle the sword well.  They are experts in the battle of war,
never out-maneuvered by those who come at them with false
doctrines.  Everyone has the sword on his thigh where it is easily
and quickly drawn against the enemy.  For there are those who
would make a sudden attack out of the darkness and must be
confronted.  Their dark and evil doctrines must be quickly
thwarted when the circumstances put the Bride at a disadvantage
because of the darkness that may surround her.

8. They all hold swords, being expert in war: every man hath his sword
upon his thigh because of fear in the night.

King Solomon made himself a bride chamber of the wood of Lebanon.

The Analogy: The King, The Son of David made His own bride
chamber.  He came to the earth and gave the gospel so that the
Bride might be presented to Him as a chaste virgin.   

2Co 11:2 For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have
espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to

The bride chamber is made of the wood of Lebanon, or the trees
of God.  The Psalm says that God planted the cedars of Lebanon.  
This Bride-Chamber is one that will not perish; it will remain

Ps 104:16 The trees of the LORD are full of sap; the cedars of Lebanon,
which he hath planted;  

9. King Solomon made himself a chariot of the wood of Lebanon.  {a
chariot: or, a bed}

He made its posts of silver, its foundation was made of gold, its covering
was made of purple; its interior was fitted together with love, by the
virgins of Jerusalem.

The Analogy: The pillars or posts of silver would seem to be the
doctrine of the Groom given to the Bride.  The foundation of gold
would obviously be the Ten Commandments, which are the
foundation of all true doctrine.  The covering or canopy of purple
would denote the royal law.  The virgins of Jerusalem paved the
interior with love.  This shows the Bride's part as she obeyed the
law of the Groom.

As we can see, the entire Bride-Chamber is made up of parts of
the law or the standard of God.  The Groom made the majority of
the Chamber.  Yet, the Bride fitted together the interior with love,
obviously a reference to keeping the commandments, her part of
the covenant.

1Ti 3:15 But if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to
behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God,
the pillar and ground of the truth.  {ground: or, stay}

Jas 2:8  If ye fulfill the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt
love thy neighbor as thyself, ye do well:   

10. He made the pillars thereof of silver, the bottom thereof of gold, the
covering of it of purple, the midst thereof being paved with love, for the
daughters of Jerusalem.

Go forth, O you virgins of Zion, and behold King Solomon with the crown
that his mother crowned him on the day of his wedding, on the day of the
gladness of his heart.

The Analogy: The virgins of Zion, or those who are going forth to
meet the Groom are admonished that it is time to go out to meet
Him.  They are told to behold, or look upon the King, The Son of
David, as He approaches with the crown placed on His head by His
"mother" on His wedding day, the day when His heart is glad.

His mother is whosoever does the will of His Father who is in
heaven.  Because they have done the Father's will, now the
wedding can take place.  The wedding crown can be placed on His

Zec 9:9  Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of
Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having
salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an
ass.  {having...: or, saving himself}

Mt 12:50 For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven,
the same is my brother, and sister, and mother.  

11. Go forth, O ye daughters of Zion, and behold king Solomon with the
Crown wherewith his mother crowned him in the day of his espousals, and
in the day of the gladness of his heart.

Continue ...
Song of Songs
(Song of Solomon)