|Q: Is the 14th day of Nisan a Holyday?
A. Some say that the fourteenth of Nisan is the first day of
Unleavened Bread and the first Holyday of the Passover
Season. In Leviticus 23:6, the bible informs us that the
fifteenth day of the month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread.
Moreover, in Exodus 12:17, the bible informs us that the Feast
of unleavened bread is the same day that God brought the
Israelite armies out of the land of Egypt. Furthermore, in
Numbers 33:3, the bible informs us that the Israelites departed
Rameses – went out of Egypt – on the fifteenth day of the first
Leviticus 23:6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month [is] the feast
of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened
Exodus 12:17 And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in
this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt:
therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an ordinance
Numbers 33:3 And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the
fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the Passover the
children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the
These three scriptures prove that the first day of Unleavened
Bread and the first Holyday of Unleavened Bread is on the
fifteenth day of the first month.
In other words, #1) The 15th day of the month is the Feast of
Unleavened Bread; #2) The Feast of Unleavened Bread is the
very same (selfsame) day that God brought the Israelites out of
Egypt; #3) The day God brought the Israelites out of Egypt is
the day of observation, by an ordinance, forever; #4) The
Israelites departed Egypt on the 15th day of the month.
|What About the Word <until> in
Some have concluded that the word <until> in Exodus 12:18
excludes the 21st day of the month, as a day of Unleavened
Bread: However, using this process one must conclude that
Exodus 12:15 instructs us to eat Unleavened Bread (or not eat
leavened bread) from the first day, only <until> the seventh
day – in other words, we must eat leavened bread on the
seventh day of Unleavened Bread! This would make
Unleavened Bread six days long – contrary to the bible! In
other words, we would break the commandment of Exodus 12:
15, if we did not eat leavened bread on the seventh day of
Unleavened Bread – according to this understanding of
<until>! This proves that <until> is intended to include the
21st day of Exodus 12:18 and the seventh day of Exodus 12:
15. We cannot arbitrarily decide how we will apply the word
<until> for the same subject matter! It is the same word in the
Exodus 12:15 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first
day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth
leavened bread from the first day until (throughout) the seventh day,
that soul shall be cut off from Israel.
The word the bible uses in Exodus 12:15 and Exodus 12:18 for
<until> is (‘ad) and carries the meaning of perpetuity. In
Psalms 111:3, (‘ad) is the word <ever>. The implication of the
word (‘ad) in Exodus 12:15 and Exodus 12:18 is that it goes on
through until completion – the conclusion of the seventh day
and the conclusion of the 21st day, for as long as they exist.
Another way of translating the phrase “until the seventh day”
of Exodus 12: 15 would be “as long as it is the seventh day”
and likewise for Exodus 12:18 “as long as it is the twenty-first
day – on up to the time of the evening (sunset) that ends the
21st day! Furthermore, this understanding does not contradict
Leviticus 23:6, Exodus 12:17, and Numbers 33:3. In addition,
Exodus 12:15 still maintains its integrity: we must eat
unleavened bread until the completion of the seventh day.
Psalms 111:3 His work [is] honourable and glorious: and his
righteousness endureth for ever (‘ad).
In Exodus 12:18, the bible informs us of the boundary, for the
days of Unleavened Bread. The Israelites observed
Unleavened Bread from the fourteenth day of the month at
even until (throughout) the twenty-first (one and twentieth)
day of the month at even.
One can consider these days as Workdays or Calendar Days
(See, The Three Different Days of the Bible). In order for the
fourteenth day of the month to be a Holyday, one must
consider the 14th day of Exodus 12:18 a Calendar Day. If we
choose this method, we must conclude that Unleavened Bread
is for a duration of eight days! However, the bible informs us
that Unleavened Bread is for seven days.
Calendar Days: 14th (1), 15th (2), 16th (3), 17th (4), 18th (5),
19th (6), 20th (7), 21st (8) = 8 days of Unleavened Bread.
Furthermore, if we use the Calendar Day method for
Atonement, we would fast two days rather than one day – (see,
The Three Different Days of the Bible for further information).
In order to keep these days within the seven days of
Unleavened Bread, as the bible instructs we must consider
them as Workdays. It takes the evening (sunset) of two
Workdays to form the boundary of one Calendar Day.
Workdays: 14th-15th (1), 15th-16th (2), 16th-17th (3), 17th-
18th (4), 18th-19th (5), 19th-20th (6), 20th-21st (7) = 7 days of
Exodus 12:18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at
even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until (all the way through) the one
and twentieth day of the month at even.
However, the seventh day is also a holy convocation:
Leviticus 23:8 But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the
LORD seven days: in the seventh day [is] an holy convocation: ye shall
do no servile work [therein].
Therefore, if we consider the 14th as a Calendar Day the 20th
day becomes the seventh day of Exodus 12:18. We would then
keep one day of Unleavened Bread after the seventh Holyday
or disregard the 21st day of the month, in Exodus 12:18, which
we have seen is in disagreement with the Hebrew for the word
Furthermore, if we disregard the 21st day of the month, then
we have a contradiction in Leviticus 23:6, Exodus 12:17, and
Numbers 33:3, which state clearly that the 15th is the Feast
that one is to observe forever. Additionally one creates a
contradiction in Exodus 12:15 if the argument of exclusion, for
the word <until> in Exodus 12:18, is correct. However, one
reckons numbers inclusively. In other words, from 1 to 10
equal 10, not eight or nine.
Therefore, by three methods the bible proves that the first day
of Unleavened Bread is the 15th day of the first month and the
first Holyday of Unleavened Bread.