Pentecost !
                       Why Count Pentecost?

Why count 50 days to Pentecost, when you know that it is going to come out on the
6th of Sivan?  

If you knew that you were going to be married on the 6th of Sivan, would you ignore
to count the days until your wedding?  This would be especially true of a bride and
we are to become the bride of Christ.

The 50 days from Passover to Pentecost represent the rest of our life after our
calling.  Passover represents our ransom out of the world before baptism.  The next
step is our baptism and then our betrothal.  The rest of our life is one of preparing
for our marriage to Christ.  The lesson in the count from Passover to Pentecost is
that we should note each day in our life of overcoming, to see if we have made
progress or gone backward.  

The word Sabbath means rest.  We are to rest from <our> labors and trust God for
our salvation.  The number seven denotes completeness.  There are exactly seven
heptads during this period from Passover to Pentecost.  Therefore, each period of
seven brings us closer to the perfection we must have when God marries us to His

On the 4th period of seven, we can look back and see that we have come over half
way to our marriage date and that we have 3 more periods of seven to go.  Once the
seven heptads have past, we know that we are on the threshold of coming to the end
of our trials and overcoming and that we are ready to enter into the rest of eternal
salvation.  However, Pentecost means for us a marriage to God!  Our Pentecost will
come at the marriage supper of the Lamb.  The 49 (7x7) days represent the rest of
our life after our calling until the marriage on the 50th day.  

Psalm 39:4 LORD, make me to know mine end, and the measure of my days, what it
is; that I may know how frail I am.  

The reason to count was not just to know when the day would arrive, but also to
know what today is in relationship to the past and the future.  In the time from the
beginning to the end, how are we doing in our preparation as the future bride of
God?  A greater reason existed for counting than just to find out the date of Pentecost.

If God had said that Pentecost was on such and such a day, the need to count would
have been lost.  He never gave that information, so the first time, which was the type
for all time to come they had to count to find out that it was on Sivan 6.  How many
years did they have to count before they realized that it would always be on Sivan
6?  We do not know, but probably by the second year someone said, "That was the
same day of the month we kept Pentecost last year."  Then someone calculated
forward and realized that it would always be that way.  But the fact that <they> had
to arrive at that knowledge for the first time makes an impression that God wants us
to count these days, and for another reason other than just finding the date of

When one calculates the count day by day, Pentecost is always on his mind.  
However, when one does not calculate the count day by day, Pentecost is out of the
mind most of these 49 (7x7) days.  If God expects us to think of our marriage to
Yahweh/Yahshua during this time, it is important that we daily consider how we are
measuring up to what God expects of us.  We want to be the best bride we can be.  
Therefore, if it is out of our minds most of the time, how can we progress to the
point that we are wise rather than foolish virgins?

It is interesting to note that those people who make the loudest noise about the
counting aspect of Pentecost – to find the date for Pentecost – never count these
days!  The days drift by without any meaning.  This is true because they believe that
the count is just for finding out which day to celebrate Pentecost!  There is nothing
biblical to back up this idea.

Should we let the 49 (7x7) days between Passover and Pentecost just drift by?  If
we used these days as stepping-stones to our marriage with God, we would set
aside some time for meditation each day on some aspect of God's character and
what he wants us to be as His bride.  

“How am I doing in my life as far as love is concerned?”  Each day could bring a
study into God's word about some aspect of His character.  It is obvious that as He
is perfect He will want a perfect bride.  By meditating on each of the 49 (7x7) days
and thinking about how we stack up in relationship to Him, we could make
progress.  Furthermore, He will help us to be ready when He comes to take His
bride, by giving us more of His holy spirit, if we show that we want to be like Him

Galatians 5:22-23 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering,
gentleness, goodness, faith, Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.  

Philippians 4:8 Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are
honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things
are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if there be any virtue, and if there
be any praise, think on these things.  

Of course, there are 49 days between Passover and Pentecost.  This has another
significance.  There were 49 years and then a jubilee.  The jubilee meant freedom
from physical debt, which is a type of Pentecost: Freedom from human nature, and
our predisposition to sin.  Therefore, the 49 days from Passover to Pentecost
represents the time left until our freedom and our Jubilee.

Why count the days to Pentecost?  Because we only have so many days to get ready
to be the bride of God and we need to make the most of every day!

                            The Third Day
                                        (Thoughts on Exodus 19:1-11)

The children of Israel in the <third> month and the <same> (third) day came into the
wilderness of Sinai.  If it was the <third> month and the day was the same as the
month, it would be the <third> day.

Exodus 19:1 In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of
the land of Egypt, the same day (i.e. the third day) came they into the wilderness of

Three days later would have been the sixth day of the third month.  Verse 11 does
not say that the Lord would come down on the third day of the month.  From this
perspective, it was already the third day when the Israelites arrived in the
wilderness of Sinai.  Verse 11 informs us about the third day of preparation after
they had arrived, which would be the sixth day of the month.

Exodus 19:10 And the LORD said to Moses, Go to the people, and sanctify them
today and tomorrow, and let them wash their clothes,  
11 And be ready against the third day: for the third day the LORD will come down
in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai.  

It is the third day, numerically.  The number of the day when they arrived was the
same as the number of the month.  It was the third day, of the third month.

One can substantiate this easily.  The Hebrew Calendar alternates between 29 days
and 30 days each month.  The count begins with the 16th of the first month.  If we
presuppose (please note that our supposition is safe here for if we begin with 29
days for the first month, the following month will be 30 days and the count will be
exactly the same because more than two months is involved) that the first month had
30 days, that would give us 15 days in the first month.  The next month would give
us 29 days.  Now we have 44 days.  As Pentecost is 50 days after Passover, this
leaves 6 days in the 3rd month.  Therefore, it was the third day of the third month
when they arrived at Sinai and Pentecost arrived 3 days later on Sivan 6.

Exodus 19:1 In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of
the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.  

Here is Gill's commentary on this verse.  Gill gives two possible ways one can
understand the time in these scriptures.  Either method of counting arrives at the sixth
of Sivan for Pentecost.


the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai; which had its name from the
mountain situated in it, and that from the bushes which grew upon it.  Justin {z} calls
it Synan, which he says Moses occupied, and Strabo {a}, Sinnan.  Hither they came
either on the same day they came from Rephidim; which, according to Bunting {b},
were eight miles from it,

1) or  <<<<<<<<<<on the same day of the month, as to number, that is, on the third
day of the third month;>>>>>>>>>> and so Jerom {c} and others say it was on the
forty seventh day after their coming out of Egypt, three days after which they
received the law on Mount Sinai, it being a generally received notion that the law
was given fifty days after the passover; hence the feast of weeks is called from
thence the feast of pentecost, or fifty days:

2) or rather this was the first day of the month, as Jarchi and R. Moses; with which
agrees the Targum of Jonathan; and so was the forty fifth of their coming out of
Egypt, five days after which they received the law; it being a tradition with the
Jews, as Aben Ezra observes, that that was given on the sixth of Sivan, and may be
accounted for thus; on the first day they came to Sinai, and encamped there, on the
day following Moses went up to God, #Ex 19:3, on the third day Moses gathered the
elders together, #Ex 19:7, and declared to them the words of God, <<<<<<<<<<and
on the third day after that, which was the sixth, the law was delivered to them.

In Gill’s second explanation, he is saying that the words <same day> mean the 1st
day of the third month.  That Moses went up to God on the second day of the month.  
That he held a meeting with the elders on the third day of the month and the
following two days were for preparation against the sixth day when the law was
given from Sinai and came to be known what we call today, Pentecost.  In either
method of reconciliation, there is a case to be made for Pentecost being on Sivan 6.

                           The Wave sheaf

Here we copy a section from “The Temple” by Alfred Edersheim.  He gives the
time the priests cut the wave sheaf and the process they went through before
“waving” it.  Some have the misunderstanding that the priests waved a sheaf of
barley without further preparation after they cut it.  However, according to
Edersheim, the priests reduced the barley to fine flour and then waved it before
God.  The wave sheaf was a type of meal offering.


“{7} There was a controversy on this point between the Pharisees and the
Sadducees.  The article in Kitto's Cycl. erroneously names the afternoon of the 16th
of Nisan as that on which the sheaf was cut.  It was really done (cut) after sunset on
the 15th, which was the beginning of the 16th of Nisan.

But in order clearly to bring out all that was distinctive in the ceremony, they first
asked of the bystanders three times each of these questions: 'Has the sun gone
down?’  'With this sickle?’  'Into this basket?’  'On this Sabbath (or first Passover-
day)?'--and, lastly, 'Shall I reap?’  Having each time been answered in the
affirmative, they cut down barley to the amount of one ephah, or ten omers, or three
seahs, which is equal to about three pecks and three pints of our English measure.  
The ears (sheaves) were brought into the Court of the Temple, and thrashed out with
canes or stalks, so as not to injure the corn (grain); then 'parched' on a pan
perforated with holes, so that each grain might be touched by the fire, and finally
exposed to the wind.  The corn (grain) thus prepared was ground in a barley-mill,
which left the hulls whole.  According to some, the flour was always successfully
passed through thirteen sieves, each closer than the other.  The statement of a rival
authority, however, seems more rational – that it was only done till the flour was
sufficiently fine (Men. vi. 6, 7), which was ascertained by one of the 'Gizbarim'
(treasurers) plunging his hands into it, the sifting process being continued so long as
any of the flour adhered to the hands (Men. viii. 2).  Though one ephah, or ten omers,
of barley was cut down, only one omer of flour, or about 5 pints of our measure,
was offered in the Temple on the second Paschal, or 16th day of Nisan.  The rest of
the flour might be redeemed, and used for any purpose.  The omer of flour was
mixed with a 'log, 'or very nearly three-fourths of a pint of oil, and a handful {8} of
frankincense put upon it, then waved before the Lord, and a handful taken out and
burned on the altar.”

The Messiah would have been in the tomb just over one 24-hour day when the
priests cut down the wave sheaf.  Therefore, the wave sheaf hardly backs up the
erroneous belief that the Messiah went to heaven on Sunday after His resurrection to
be “presented before the Father as the wave sheaf”.  The priests would have waved
the omer on the 16th of Nisan.  The Messiah had been in the tomb 39 hours, at that

A strong inspiration to keep a Sivan 6 Pentecost is the count from Passover to
Pentecost in the year of the Messiah's death and resurrection.  In this sketch of time,
the Messiah stayed with his disciples just as long as He possibly could.  He returned
to heaven and sent the holy spirit as His first act as High Priest, on the day of

The Messiah’s death was in the afternoon of Wednesday (the 14th).  The High
Holyday Sabbath was Thursday (the 15th).  Friday (the morning after the high
Sabbath) would have begun day 1 of the offering count to Pentecost.  The Messiah’s
resurrection came at the end of Saturday, the second day of the count to Pentecost.  
He was with his disciples for the next 40 days, making 42 days after the first High
Sabbath, in the count to Pentecost.  He then ascended to heaven.  Notice that the
Bible specifically says forty days.  There is a reason why we need to know that it
was exactly 40 days.

Acts 1:3 To whom also he showed himself alive after his passion by many infallible
proofs, being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the
kingdom of God:

The next 7 days Christ was involved in the ceremony to become our High Priest.  
Remember that Moses was to pattern the things in the earthly tabernacle according to
those in the heavenly.  The plan of salvation apparently has its perfect model
continually played out in heaven.

Hebrews 8:5 Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses
was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, says
he, [that] you make all things according to the pattern showed to you in the mount.

Hebrews 9:23 [It was] therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens
should be purified with these (animal sacrifices); but the heavenly things themselves
with better sacrifices than these.

Exodus 29:35 And thus shall you do to Aaron, and to his sons, according to all
things which I have commanded thee: seven days shall you consecrate them.  

Leviticus 8:33 And you shall not go out of the door of the tabernacle of the
congregation in seven days, until the days of your consecration be at an end: for
seven days shall he consecrate you.  

Leviticus 9:1 And it came to pass on the eighth day, that Moses called Aaron and his
sons, and the elders of Israel;  

Read verses 2 through 23 from the bible to get the full sense of the process.

Leviticus 9:24 And there came a fire out from before the LORD, and consumed upon
the altar the burnt offering and the fat: which when all the people saw, they shouted,
and fell on their faces.  

This is very close to what happened on the day of Pentecost after The Messiah
returned to heaven.  On the eighth day, the first day after his consecration, His first
act as our High Priest was to send the holy spirit, as flames of fire and a mighty
rushing wind, on those of the church.  This eighth day would have been the 50th day
– beginning our count at sunset of the High Day Sabbath – the 15th of Abib – when
the priest cut the barley for the wave sheaf: This was a second method of counting
Pentecost (See: The Heptads of Pentecost).  In that year, Pentecost would have
fallen on Sivan 6 as the month Iyar had 29 days based on this information.

Therefore, the reason that the Messiah went back to heaven on the specific day He
did was that He had to be back there for the consecration ceremony.  He stayed with
the disciples just as long as He possibly could.  After the 7 days of consecration,
His <first act> as High Priest would have taken place about the time of the morning
sacrifice, exactly 49 days from the time of the offering of the wave sheaf on the
morrow after the first high Sabbath of Unleavened Bread.

The Messiah is the first of the firstfruits, not the whole of the firstfruits.  Those
called to be the bride of the Messiah are part of the firstfruits.  In other words, the
Messiah and those in the first resurrection (the bride of The Messiah) make up the
firstfruits.  However, the firstfruits of wheat represent the Bride of Christ whereas
the firstfruit of the barley represents Christ.

1Corinthians 15:20 But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits
(Greek: firstfruit) of them that slept.

Revelation 14:4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are
virgins.  These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth.  These were
redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.

The wave sheaf was a type of meal offering.  Its make-up was of very fine
unleavened flour, which denotes perfection; oil, which denotes the holy spirit;
frankincense, which was a sweet-smelling incense to God; and salt, which was a
preserver against corruption.

The wave sheaf (omer of barley flour) is a type of the Messiah.  The Messiah is the
bread of life.  His suffering as a human would typify the process the flour had to go
through to make it ready for the wave sheaf offering.  He had the holy spirit without
measure.  His entire life was a sweet smelling savor to the Father in both tables of
the law.  The Father preserved Him and did not allow Him to see corruption.

Acts 2:31 He seeing this before spoke of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was
not left in hell (the grave), neither his flesh did see corruption.

The wave sheaf offering is a teaching tool for those who would follow Christ.  What
the Messiah was, we are to become.  The parching, beating and grinding of the flour
is a type of the trials in our life to bring us to a state of humble perfection.  The oil
represents the holy spirit that must be a part of us in order to be in covenant with
God.  Our prayers must go up as incense to God.  Moreover, God will preserve us
to the very end.  Our corruptible body will become a glorious body, without
corruption.  The leaven of the two loaves of Pentecost indicates our present state of
imperfection, as human beings with a carnal mind.