After the Israelites came out of the Red Sea of baptism, typically
cleansed from their sins, there were still mental urgings to turn back.  
Although God had rescued them from Egypt (their calling from the
world) by means of the Passover, and cleansed them typically from
their sins through the Red Sea baptism, the Eternal still had not made
a covenant with them.  

What does it take to become a covenant people?  Passover does not
make us a covenant people.  Baptism does not make us a covenant
people.  As we learn in the New Testament (Covenant), the covenant
is the putting of the laws into the mind, and the putting of a desire to
keep those laws into the heart.  In other words, the indwelling of the
holy spirit makes one a covenant people (a chosen people) in the New
Covenant.  God made a physical covenant with ancient Israel with
physical blessings.  However, there was a problem with the people of
Israel as they related to the first covenant.  Therefore, God devised a
New Covenant for Spiritual Israel.

Heb 8:8 For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the
Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the
house of Judah:
9 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I
took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they
continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.
10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those
days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their
hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:

In the Old Covenant pageantry, fifty days after God called them out of
Egypt, YHWH drew up a covenant with them.  This happened on the
day of Pentecost when the very voice of the Eternal God thundered
their responsibilities to the covenant – the Ten Commandments.  Fifty
days had elapsed since Passover when God called them out of Egypt.  
God had washed away their sins – symbolically – in the Red Sea of
baptism.  They had endured the hot pursuit of Satan before their
baptism.  They had endured the temptation to turn back even after
their sins had been figuratively washed away in the sea.  Now they had
finally reached Mount Sinai where they heard, on the day of
Pentecost, the very voice of the Eternal God giving to them their part
of the covenant, His laws of how they must live in order to receive
life.  Under this Old Covenant, God expected them to provide the
desire to obey their contract with Him.  They made a promise to do
their part.

Ex 19:8 And all the people answered together, and said, All that the LORD hath
spoken we will do.  And Moses returned the words of the people unto the
LORD.  

Deuteronomy 4:10 [Specially] the day that thou stoodest before the LORD thy
God in Horeb, when the LORD said unto me, Gather me the people together,
and I will make them hear my words, that they may learn to fear me all the days
that they shall live upon the earth, and [that] they may teach their children.

However, they could not keep their word, because the desire to keep
the law was not in their hearts.  God knew this in advance.  The
Israelites were examples to us how that without the holy spirit it is
impossible to keep the Covenant of God.

Romans 8:7 Because the carnal mind [is] enmity against God: for it is not
subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

Therefore, in the New Covenant God supplied the desire to keep the
laws, through the giving of the holy spirit.  By placing an essence of His
own mind in those whom He brought into covenant with Him, the
desire to live by those laws would be in place, as well as the ability to
acquire the knowledge.  This does not mean that we automatically live
a perfect life!  We retain the Adamic nature with the holy nature given
at baptism.  Therefore, we too must choose whom we will serve.  
However, we do have a nature in us that makes it possible to live
righteously, which they did not have – with a few exceptions.

1John 3:9 Whosoever is born of God (has His holy spirit) doth not commit sin
(as the new man); for his seed (the holy spirit) remaineth in him: and he cannot
sin (he has the ability to not sin), because he is born of God (he has the holy
spirit of God).

God spoke the laws to them.  They understood the words, but it was to
be over 1000 years later, on this same day of Pentecost, in 30AD,
when God would generally give the holy spirit.  It was a better
covenant to a people that Christ purchased by His own blood.  
Nevertheless, the first day of Pentecost back there at Mount Sinai was
to state the terms of the covenant between these people and God.  
They were playing out the plan of salvation, in pageantry form, for
those who would come after the sacrifice of Christ.

The Israelites were a called people at the Passover in Egypt.  God
cleansed them from their sins (typically) in the Red Sea of baptism.  
They were a covenanted people at the Mount of Sinai after God gave
them the laws that would govern their lives as the people of the
Eternal.  However, for the most part they were not a chosen people –
that is, God did not give them His holy spirit.  They were God’s
physically chosen people, they received physical circumcision;
however, God did not circumcise their minds.

Nevertheless, even though these were a people called, chosen
(physically), and covenanted, God still had to provide a way to bring
them into close connection with Himself as well as a way to restore
that relationship with Him when they strayed from their part of the
covenant.  Therefore, to understand the entire process of salvation, we
need to understand the five major offerings of Ancient Israel.

The
Burnt Offering, Meal Offering, and Peace Offering had to do with
keeping God’s people in a close relationship with Him.  

The
Sin Offering (burnt outside the camp) had to do with bringing one
into favor with God – cleaning them up after they left the corruption
of the world of sin.  We saw some of the effects of this Offering at the
Red Sea of baptism.  God gave them the Sin Offering with the benefit
of hindsight as – figuratively – He had removed their sins in the Red
Sea baptism.  However, they repeated these Offerings ceremonially
each year.  This does not indicate that the Sin Offering burnt outside
the camp has a repetition aspect; rather, each season with Ancient
Israel was like beginning all over again.  In other words, they repeated
the sacrifices annually, as a teaching tool for their and our learning,
from different perspectives.

Hebrews 10:1  For the law having a shadow of good things to come, [and] not
the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered
year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.

The Trespass Offering, which the priests ate, had to do with restoring
them back into the good graces of God and man once they had strayed
away, after their original cleansing with the Sin Offering (the sacrifice
burnt outside the camp).  These offerings do not have directly to do
with calling one out of the world, or bringing one into covenant.  
Passover accomplishes the first, and Pentecost accomplishes the
second.  Nevertheless, these five sacrifices had to do with establishing
and maintaining a relationship between the Eternal God and His
people.

The
Burnt Offering, Meal Offering, and Peace Offering were the
"sweet savor offerings".  One who offered these offerings was
acceptable before the Eternal.  The Israelites placed these offerings
on the brazen altar, which stood in the Court of the Tabernacle.  
These offerings were not for sin.  They were for the perfect man
conversing with and worshipping the Eternal God.  

The
Sin Offerings and the Trespass Offering on the other hand, were
the offerings of a sinner.  They were the Eternal's work of cleansing
the sinner from his original sins and renewing the person to a state of
acceptance within the covenant: restoring him to righteous communion
with God.  One Sin Offering they burnt on the earth without the camp,
and the priest sprinkled its blood before the veil, and placed some of
the blood on the horns of the altar and poured the rest in the bottom of
the altar.  The sinner came forward to pay the penalty of sin and
trespass.  Some of the blood of the Atonement goat for sin was taken
in behind the veil.  Nevertheless, the Levites took the carcass of the
Atonement Goat outside the camp to burn.  The Atonement Sin
Offering gives us a perspective unseen in any of the other offerings.

Leviticus 16:27 And the bullock [for] the sin offering, and the goat [for] the sin
offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the holy [place],
shall [one] carry forth without the camp; and they shall burn in the fire their
skins, and their flesh, and their dung.

However, as we learn in the New Testament, the blood of bulls and
goats cannot take away sin.  Only the blood of the Christ of the New
Testament (Covenant) can remove the guilt and dreadfulness of sin.  
Moreover, only the blood of Christ can keep us connected in a
righteous relationship with the Father.  Therefore, the blood of Christ
covers all aspects of the salvation of God for His people.  By means of
the blood of Christ, we come through our personal Passover when God
calls us out of the world – the environment of sin.  Baptism signifies the
washing away of our past sins – justification of what we were, at that
time – through Christ our Sin Offering, who suffered without the gate.  
Through Christ our Trespass Offering, we can have our trespasses
(our acts of unrighteousness that would bring us into condemnation of
sin) against God and man wiped from our conscience.  God wipes away
our sins of ignorance on the Day of Atonement, again through Christ
our Sin Offering.  

Hebrews 13:11  For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the
sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned without the camp.
12 Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood,
suffered without the gate.
13 Let us go forth therefore unto him without the camp, bearing his reproach.

Leviticus 6:30 And no sin offering, whereof [any] of the blood is brought into
the tabernacle of the congregation to reconcile [withal] in the holy [place],
shall be eaten: it shall be burnt in the fire.
Sacrifices Part 3
In this part, we will get into some of the offerings that the priests of
Israel presented at the tabernacle in the wilderness, but let us take a
brief few sentences to recap.

You will remember that at Passover the Eternal ransomed His
firstborn, a people for Himself, out of Egypt.

Ex 15:13 Thou in thy mercy hast led forth the people which thou hast redeemed
(ransomed): thou hast guided them in thy strength unto thy holy habitation.

Mic 6:4 For I brought thee up out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed
(ransomed) thee out of the house of servants; and I sent before thee Moses,
Aaron, and Miriam.   

Ex 4:22 And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD, Israel is my
son, even my firstborn:
Ex 4:23 And I say unto thee, Let my son go, that he may serve me: and if thou
refuse to let him go, behold, I will slay thy son, even thy firstborn.  

Therefore, the Passover has to do with our calling out of the world.

Ho 11:1  When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and <called> my son out
of Egypt.

The Days of Unleavened Bread of which we have said nothing yet,
shows the putting away of the vanity of the world out of our lives.  
We must forsake the world and all its sophistication so that we can be
prepared as a people who can learn the new culture that the Eternal
has for us.  This is a lifelong process, but actually begins as soon as
God calls us.  We begin in our feeble attempt, with the Adamic mind
to make changes in our life.  Once the old man dies in baptism, God
gives us the holy spirit and we continue our lifelong endeavor of
putting sin out of our life.

The second step we saw was baptism.  Here God washes away our
past sins.

Ac 2:38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you
in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the
gift of the Holy Ghost.  

1Co 10:1  Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that
all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea;
2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;  

Romans 3:25 Whom God hath set forth [to be] a propitiation through faith in
his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past,
through the forbearance of God;

The third step is that God makes us His covenanted people, signified
by Pentecost, where God makes His law known beyond any question
(thundered from the Mount).  God then added the holy spirit, as a
part of the covenant (in the New Covenant) so that we will have the
desire to keep the laws as well as an understanding of them.  God
signified the giving of His holy spirit by sending flames of fire, which
descended on the heads of His disciples and affected their speaking in
such a way, that “all the world” could understand them – each in his
own language.

Heb 8:10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after
those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them
in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:

God dramatically demonstrated the law and the holy spirit aspects of
His covenant on the Day of Pentecost, although He separated each
part by over 1000 years, in its display.  The Old Covenant had to
suffice for hundreds of years before God provided a better way.

Even though we have a better covenant, we do not fully comprehend
it, because we do not understand the offerings of the Old Covenant.  
Christ is our personal example of the Sweet Savor Offerings and He
became a sacrifice in our place for the Offerings of Justification,
under the New Covenant.  However, if we do not understand the
significance of these Sacrifices in the Old Covenant, we can hardly
understand the overwhelming significance of the Savior as our
Sacrifice in the New Covenant.

So, let us begin with the Burnt Offering of the Old Covenant and
learn how the Savior is the Burnt Offering in the New Covenant.  The
first thing we want to notice is that the burnt offering was a "sweet
savor" offering.  When we examine the definitions of the words
<sweet> and <savor> we understand that the burnt offering was
something pleasing to God.  Right away, we comprehend that this
offering is for fellowship with the Eternal.

Continue …
The Messiah in the Old
Covenant Sacrifices
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