Part 1
In this study, we want to consider the five basic offerings of the Old
Covenant and discuss them as types of the Messiah.  The Old
Covenant sacrifices were typical of realities in the New Covenant.  
The Messiah came to replace those sacrifices because He was the
literal justification to replace the symbolic.  He is our justification just
as some of the sacrifices were for them; and He is our example for
how to live, as were some of the other sacrifices, for them.  We will
also include some thoughts on the Passover sacrifice and the
Atonement Day Sin Offering to round out our discussion.

The 5 major offerings were 1) Burnt offering; 2) Meat (meal)
offering; 3) Peace offering; 4) Sin offering; 5) Trespass offering.  
These 5 offerings break down into two categories: 1) Sweet Savor
offerings, and 2) Atonement for sin offerings.

The Sweet Savor offerings were 1) Burnt offering, 2) Meal offering,
3) Peace offering.  The Atonement-for-sin-offerings were: 1) Sin
offering, and 2) Trespass offering.

In the old covenant, animals, birds, meal, etc. was the offering, and the
priest a son of Aaron.  However, in the New Covenant, the Savior is
both our offering and High Priest.  He was the <sum of the offerings>.  
Most of the offerings or sacrifices of the Old Covenant looked
forward to the Messiah.

Heb 10:1  For the law having a shadow of good things to come, [and] not the
very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered
year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.  
2 For then would they not have ceased to be offered?  Because that the
worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins.
3 But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year.
4 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away
5 Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering
thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me: {hast...: or, thou hast
fitted me}
6 In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had no pleasure.
7  Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do
thy will, O God.
8 Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering
for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by
the law;
9 Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God.  He taketh away the first, that
he may establish the second.
10 By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus
Christ once for all.
11 And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same
sacrifices, which can never take away sins:
12 But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down on
the right hand of God;  

Before we proceed, it is good to realize that the book of Leviticus
informs us in considerable detail about these offerings.  Chapter 1
discusses the Burnt Offering, Chapter 2 discusses the Meal Offering,
Chapter 3 discusses the Peace Offering, Chapter 4 discusses the Sin
Offering burnt outside the camp, as well as a special category of Sin
Offering not burned outside the camp, Chapter 5 discusses the Sin
Offering & Trespass Offerings eaten by the priest, and Chapter 6
continues the discussion of the Sin & Trespass Offering through verse
7 where it returns to the Burnt Offering for further laws.  We learn
about the Day of Atonement and its special Sin Offering burned
outside the camp in Leviticus Chapters 16 and 23.

However, before we advance too far, we need to grasp that Christ’s
representation of these Offerings divide into two major perspectives.  
Christ as the Atonement for Sin Offerings is for the justification of
our past sins – something we cannot do for ourselves.  The Apostle
Paul wrote continually about this aspect of Christ’s sacrifice.

1Corinthians 2:2 For I determined not to know any thing among you, save
Jesus Christ, and him crucified.

On the other hand, the Gospels portray Christ as the Sweet Savor
Offerings.  Moreover, Christ lived His life as these offerings: our
example so that we too could live our life, as did He.

Romans 12:1  I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye
present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, [which is]
your reasonable service.

Before the Israelites could begin to think about the five offerings
listed above, they had to keep the Passover.  God first ransomed
Israel out of Egypt – a type of the world.  In Egypt, they were dead
men subject to the Pharaoh, a type of Satan – the master of sin.  
Through the Passover God paid a ransom to reclaim His people.  No
stranger was to eat of the Passover, because a stranger was not one
of the Eternal's people.  Remember that God sometimes calls one
what he is to become (Romans 4:17).  The Passover refers to a called
out people, however, the bible says nothing about sin in connection
with Passover.  Each person has his personal Passover when the
Father calls him out of this world and begins to bring him to
repentance.  On the other hand, in order to eat the Passover, one must
have a circumcised mind – he must have received the holy spirit.  In
the case of the ancient Israelites, this played out in physical
circumcision – required before the first Passover.

Ex 12:43  And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of
the Passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof:
44 But every man’s servant that is bought for money, when thou hast
circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.

Romans 4:17  (As it is written, I have made thee (Abraham) a father of many
nations,) before him whom he believed, [even] God, who quickeneth the dead,
and calleth those things which be not as though they were.

Romans 2:29 But he [is] a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision [is
that] of the heart, in the spirit, [and] not in the letter; whose praise [is] not of
men, but of God.

Once the children of Israel came through the Red Sea of baptism, they
sang the song of Moses.  In that song, we have the phrase “...You...
have led forth the people which you have redeemed...”

Ex 15:13 Thou in thy mercy hast led forth the people, which thou hast
redeemed: thou hast guided them in thy strength unto thy holy habitation.

Mic 6:4 For I brought thee up out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed thee out
of the house of servants; and I sent before thee Moses, Aaron, and Miriam.   

Now, this word redeem, Strong’s #6299, means to ransom, rescue, and

Online Bible:
06299 padah {paw-daw'}

a primitive root; TWOT - 1734; v

AV - redeem 48, deliver 5, ransom 2, rescued 1, misc 3; 59

1) to ransom, redeem, rescue, deliver
1a) (Qal) to ransom
1b) (Niphal) to be ransomed
1c) (Hiphil) to allow one to be ransomed
1d) (Hophal) redeemed  

Pharaoh, a type of Satan, held the people of Israel as slaves against
their will, in Egypt – a type of the world.  These people belonged to
God through Abraham.  God determined to rescue His people; but
Satan would not let them go without a ransom.  God sanctioned this as
a type played out to illustrate the need for a payment to rescue one
from the world – the society of sin – so that God could begin to work
with that people and ultimately gain sons in His Kingdom.  Therefore,
Passover denotes the beginning of the salvation process even before
God says anything concerning sin of the individual.  The lamb of
Passover is symbolic of Christ our Passover sacrificed for us.  In other
words, delivery from the world – the environment of sin – required
Christ’s death.  The blood on the doorposts symbolizes the payment
for deliverance from the environment of sin.

1Corinthians 5:7  Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new
lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us:

While the blood of Christ covers this ransom, as well as the different
types of sin, as humans this works itself out in the process of a
lifetime.  The sacrifices give us a range of the different perspectives
of the process of salvation.  In this way, we can see the scope of what
Christ did in His one death to insure our salvation and eternal life.

Indeed, the Eternal had already promised Abram that his descendants
would become servants in a foreign land, and that He would bring
them out with a mighty hand.  The Eternal already had His eye on
Abram and his descendants from the time He first called Abram out of
Ur of the Chaldees, as a people for Himself.

Ge 15:13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a
stranger in a land that is not theirs (and shall serve them; and they shall afflict
them) four hundred years;
14 And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward
shall they come out with great substance.  

So, the first great offering we have, even before baptism, is the
Passover.  Some have thought that Passover was to forgive our sins,
but Passover is to redeem us as a people for the Eternal.  God must
pay a ransom to bring us out of the world.  In Egypt, they sacrificed a
lamb or goat and placed the blood on the doorposts.  However, in the
end of the world, the Savior became a sacrifice to redeem us out of
the world, a society of sin, as a people for the Eternal.

1Pe 2:9 But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a
peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called
you out of darkness into his marvelous light: {peculiar: or, purchased}
{praises: or, virtues}  
1Pe 2:10 Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God:
which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.  

Because the Savior is all of the sacrifices rolled into one, we tend to
confuse the process of salvation, because we do not understand the
significance of each of the offerings in the Old Covenant.  Passover is
the sacrifice of our call out of the world, just as God called Israel out
of Egypt to be the firstborn of the Eternal.

The bible says nothing concerning redemption of Israel’s sins at the
Passover in Egypt.  God first ransomed a people for Himself and the
sin offering type comes later.  Some believe that Passover is to cover
our sins, because they think of Egypt as a type of sin.  Egypt was a
type of the world – the society of sin.  God does not call us out of sin.  
God washes away our sins in baptism, forgives our trespasses, and
forgives our sins of ignorance.  However, before God can begin to
save us from our sins, He has to call us out of the world.  

Ho 11:1  When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of

Once God ransoms us from the world, through the blood of the
Messiah, the other offerings symbolize what He does for us so that we
may eventually receive salvation from our sins.  Baptism symbolizes
washing away our sins.  Seven days after the Passover, when the
Israelites passed through the Red Sea, they played out this type.  The
Bible speaks of washing away our sins.  The Israelites smote the blood
of the Passover on the doorposts for ransom from the world of
bondage – the environment of sin.  The symbol of the Passover blood
was away from the person doing the striking of the doorposts.  The
blood came between the Israelites and Egypt, the environment of sin.  

Re 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten
of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth.  Unto him that loved us,
and washed us from our sins in his own blood,

1Corinthians 10:2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;

Exodus 12:22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip [it] in the blood that
[is] in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that
[is] in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the

However, Peter said to “repent, and be baptized...for the remission of
sins”.  We do not see repentance in Egypt.  We do not see baptism in
Egypt.  We do not see remission of sins in Egypt.  We do not see the
death of the Israelites in Egypt.  The symbolic death of the old man
took place with the Israelites when they went through the Red Sea.

Ac 2:38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in
the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift
of the Holy Ghost.

1Corinthians 10:2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;

Romans 6:4 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like
as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we
also should walk in newness of life.

Consequently, through Passover God ransoms us from the world, but
through baptism God redeems us from our sins, by the blood of Christ.  
These are two separate acts.  Passover was to redeem Israel out of
Egypt, but baptism through the Red Sea, seven days later, was to
signify (in type) redemption from their sins.  The Messiah calls us out
of the world, made possible by His blood of Passover, but He washes
us from our sins in His own blood, typified by baptism, not Passover.  
Our redemption from the world is just the beginning, but what
happens in the process of salvation after Passover?

That is what the five offerings of the Old Covenant typify for us.
Part 2
In the first part of this series, we observed that Christ is all of the
major Offerings or Sacrifices rolled into one.  The reason for this is
that it was impossible to create only one physical offering that would
do justice to the different phases of salvation covered by the one
sacrifice of Christ.  There had to be several perspectives in the
physical realm to bring out the fullness of Christ’s life and sacrifice.  
This is the key: to understand that Christ is the Sum Total of all the
types, the offerings, the rituals of the Old Testament in one.  
However, one must correctly understand those types, offerings, and
rituals as they relate to the New Covenant in order to understand the
process of salvation.

We understand that Christ is our Passover, sacrificed for us in order
to ransom us as a people from the grip of the world about us.  
Passover signifies the rescuing, or the ransoming of a people whom
God had already determined would be His people.  God promised
Abraham that his descendants would be the people of the Eternal.  In
Egypt, at the first Passover, the time had come to ransom the people
who would be His special chosen treasure.  

Therefore, after having brought them out of the land of Egypt, a type
of the world, a type of bondage, a people rescued from the
atmosphere of sin, it was necessary to wash away their sins in the
Red Sea of baptism.  The ransomed people of the Eternal were now
on the triumphant side of the Red Sea.  The children of Israel
proceeded to God’s holy habitation, a people chosen specifically for
Him, though they were ignorant of where they were going and how
they would get there, for they were only a type of the reality yet to

1Corinthians 10:11 Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples:
and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are

What happened next?  In the playing out of this salvation process,
some time elapsed between each approaching step.  Even the time
and circumstances between each stage to the Promised Land have
lessons for us.  We can understand that after God has called us out of
the world, Satan will pursue us in the effort to recapture us and bring
us back into the bondage of the world.  This takes place even before
God has washed away our sins.  Satan does not give up one of his,
easily; and he would prefer to recapture us before God gives us a
special advantage against sin through His holy spirit.  We understand
this phase in Pharaoh's military chase after the children of Israel,
which ended only when the walls of the Red Sea clashed upon Israel’s

Continue …
The Messiah in the Old
Covenant Sacrifices