The Seven Days of Sabbath
                                          “THE HEPTAD OF PASSOVER”

NKJ Ezekiel 45:21 "In the first [month], on the fourteenth day of the month, you shall
observe the Passover, a feast of
seven (“heptad”) days; unleavened bread shall be eaten.

LXE Ezekiel 45:21 And in the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, you shall
have {1} the feast of the Passover; seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread. {1)
Literally, the Passover, a feast}

JPS Ezekiel 45:21 In the first month, in the fourteenth day of the month, you shall have the
Passover; a feast of seven days; unleavened bread shall be eaten.

The Masoretic Hebrew has the word for “heptad” where the NKJ and JPS translate
“seven”.  The Hebrew word for “days” follows the Hebrew word for “heptad” in the
Masoretic Text; therefore, the Hebrew is “a heptad or period of seven days”.  The context
of Ezekiel 45 also gives us the information that this “heptad” was a period of seven “days”
*.  The LXX has “seven days”.  In other words, the LXX translated the ancient Hebrew
into the Greek as the cardinal number and adjective “seven” followed by the Greek word
for “days” as a plural noun – that is to say that, the LXX did not use the term, “septenary”
– the Greek counterpart to the Hebrew “heptad”.  Although the terminology of the
Masoretic and the Septuagint is different, the meaning is the same.  Moreover, the
Masoretic terminology affords us a glimpse into the usage of the word “heptad” when
expressing the seven-day period of Passover.  The terminology “seven days” is sufficient;
however, the perspective of a “heptad” forces us to take another look at “the seven days of
Passover” as a specific window of time.  A “heptad” is a period of seven - no more and
no less: Anything less than 7 or more than seven is not a “heptad”.  The first day of
Passover (Abib/Nisan 15) may be on “the first of the Sabbaths (Sunday: sunset-to-sunset)”
“the third of the Sabbaths (Tuesday: sunset-to-sunset)” “the fifth of the Sabbaths
(Thursday: sunset-to-sunset)” or “the seventh of the Sabbaths (Saturday: sunset-to-sunset)”
– always beginning on the 14th day of Abib/Nisan at sunset, which means that it begins on
the 15th day of the month – otherwise, we have more than a “heptad”.  The 14th day of the
month is not part of the “heptad” of Passover.  However, the 14th day of Abib/Nisan is the
preparation day** for the first holyday of Passover and the sunset that begins the 15th
Nisan belongs to the end of Abib/Nisan 14.  In other words, had the phrase been “on the
15th day of Nisan at sunset” then the first day of Passover would have been on Nisan 16.  
The seventh day of the “Heptad of Passover” may fall on “the seventh of the Sabbaths
(Saturday)” “the second of the Sabbaths (Monday)” “the fourth of the Sabbaths
(Wednesday)” or “the sixth of the Sabbaths (Friday)” – always ending on the 21st day of
Nisan at sunset.  Exodus 12:18 places us on solid ground, as to the duration of the seven
days or “Heptad” of Passover”*.

*Ezekiel 45:22 "And on that day the prince shall prepare for himself and for all the people
of the land a
bull (young bull) [for] a sin offering.
23 "On the seven days of the feast he shall prepare a burnt offering to
the LORD
, seven bulls (young bulls) and seven rams without blemish, daily for seven
days, and a kid of the goats daily [for] a sin offering.

**Luke 23:50 Now behold, there was a man named Joseph, a council member, a good and
just man.
51 He had not consented to their decision and deed.  He was from Arimathea, a city of the
Jews, who himself was also waiting for the kingdom of God.
52 This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of
Jesus (Yahshua).
53 Then he took it down, wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a tomb that was hewn out of the
rock, where no one had ever lain before.
54 That day was the Preparation [14th Nisan – “the fourth day of the Sabbaths
(Wednesday)”], and the Sabbath [The Annual Sabbath Nisan 15 – “the first day of
Passover” & “the fifth of the Sabbaths (Thursday – sunset-to sunset reckoning)”] drew

*NKJ Exodus 12:18
‘In the first [month], on the fourteenth day of the month at
evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty–first day of the month at

                         TWO NAMES FOR THE HEPTAD OF PASSOVER

We want to keep in mind that the Passover has two active perspectives: 1) Christ Our
Passover and
2) the Part God’s People Accomplish through Christ.  We have discussed
Passover, from the perspective of Christ’s role for His People.  However, from the
perspective of God’s People we know the Passover Season as “The Days of Unleavened
Bread”.  Eating unleavened bread during the Heptad of Passover indicates our partaking of
the body of Christ – our lifelong mission until the resurrection, which brings us to the goal
of “Pentecost”: In other words, until we become the offering of “Pentecost”.  Of course,
the resurrection finds its place in the seventh month of the year, at the Feast of Trumpets
and our final perfection on the Day of Atonement.  However, the current subject is the
Heptad of Passover.  The marriage takes place just before we begin to reign with Christ
for a thousand years.  In other words, we do not have here two separate feasts: The one
Heptad of Passover encompasses both points of view and the season has two titles to
express these two perspectives*.

NKJ Romans 7:4 Therefore, my brethren, you also have become dead to the law through
the body of Christ, that you may be married to another––to Him who was raised from the
dead, that we should bear fruit to God.

NKJ Matthew 26:26 And as they were eating,
Jesus (Yahshua) took bread, blessed and
broke [it], and gave [it] to the disciples and said, "Take, eat; this is My body."

NKJ John 6:35 And
Jesus (Yahshua) said to them, "I am the bread of life.  He who comes
to Me shall never hunger, and he who believes in Me shall never thirst.

*Luke 22:1 Now
the Feast of Unleavened Bread drew near, which is called Passover.

The afternoon – “between the two evenings” – of Nisan 14 was preliminary for the Heptad
of Passover, which began Nisan 14 at sunset and continued until Nisan 21 at sunset.  We
do not keep Passover from the perspective of slaying the lambs, but we do keep Passover
from the perspective of the Feast.  Moses’ first mention of the term, Passover (Exodus 12:
11) concerns eating the Passover.  Slaying the lamb was a means to an end.  The end was
eating the lamb.  In other words, Christ is our Passover sacrificed for us therefore, let us
keep (eat) the feast: Just as Christ said “Take eat this is my body”.  In other words, when
we eat the Passover we partake of the body of Christ.  That is what unleavened bread is
all about: We are eating Christ’s body, from the perspective of taking in the spiritual food
necessary for the nourishment of our “unique spirit/holy spirit mind” in order to be ready
when the resurrection comes so that God can jettison our physical, carnal minds and make
us His sons: The Sons of God.  To put it another way, the slaying of the lamb would have
been unnecessary without someone who could eat it.  Therefore, the Heptad of Passover
has two perspectives: Christ the Passover Lamb of God and the Future Sons of God who
could not become so, without eating the Lamb.  Keeping the Passover Feast in the Old
Testament began with eating the flesh of the Lamb, with the unleavened bread, for the one
night; however, it continued with eating the unleavened bread for the remainder of the
seven days of Passover.  Therefore, from the Feast of Passover perspective, the entire
seven days of Passover have to do with Christ.  Christ is the Lamb slain on the afternoon
of Nisan 14 (“between the two evenings”); Christ is the Lamb eaten on the night of Nisan
15, as our Passover – who rescued us out of the world; Christ is the Unleavened Bread
eaten for seven days – who sustains us; and Christ typically washed away the sins of the
Israelites in their Red Sea Baptism (a type of our baptism when we enter the household of
faith, after Christ washes away our sins and gives us the holy spirit).  Moreover, the holy-
spirit aspect takes us to the morning of the wheat offering of “Pentecost,” tying the Heptad
of Passover and the Festival of Seven Heptads inextricably together).  Christ set the
Israelites’ feet on firm ground in the direction of journeying to the promised land on the
morning of Nisan 21, after the sea returned to it full depth.  The Israelites played out a plan
that types those called to salvation.  However, Passover is only the beginning: We count
the days to “Pentecost” where we get another perspective of the Plan of God – the Bride
of the Messiah.

Exodus 12:11 ‘And thus, you shall eat it: [with] a belt on your waist, your sandals on your
feet, and your staff in your hand.  So you shall eat it in haste.  It [is]
the LORD’S

Luke 22:1 Now the Feast of
Unleavened Bread drew near, which is called Passover.

NKJ Exodus 12:18 ‘In the first [month], on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you
shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month at evening.

An interesting observation: This verse mentions 8 days: 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, and
21.  Therefore, one of the days cannot be a part of the “Heptad” of Passover”.  The answer
is one of simple semantics:
The terminology “the fourteenth day at evening”
automatically eliminates the 14th day because the day was over “at evening” when
sunset came, beginning the 15th of Nisan.
 On the other hand, “the twenty-first day at
evening” includes the whole of the 21st day of Nisan in the “Heptad of Passover”; for, the
24-hour day of Nisan 21 falls within the festival period, which ends when its sunset has

One perspective we do not want to overlook is that
“the seven days of Passover” and
“the seven days of Sabbath” are not synonymous
.  Although one of the four patterns of
“the seven days of Passover” does coincide with “the seven days of Sabbath,” Passover
always begins at sunset of the 14th Nisan and it always ends at sunset of Nisan 21.  
Prophetically, Passover – the sacrifice of the lamb – types Christ, as the One who breaks
the yoke of Satan and rescues us out of the culture of this world, of which Satan (Pharaoh
is a type of Satan) is currently the god*.  The wave offering on the second day of Passover
types the resurrected Christ** who has become the firstfruit of the Saints.  The Seventh
Day of Passover types our baptism and the removal of all our past sins.  Therefore,
another perspective of Christ in the Heptad of Passover: Christ who delivers us out of the
world of Satan’s making, by His life – His resurrection***.  In other words, the Passover
Heptad pictures Christ’s death, resurrection, and our rescue out of Satan’s world.  The
heptad also pictures our journey of obedience to God (unleavened bread) and our struggle
to escape the bondage of sin (hemmed in by the land), which ends triumphantly with our
baptism on the seventh and final day of Passover.  However, once on the other side of the
Red Sea, our real struggle with sin begins.  We must continue on to the Mountain of God.  
We arrive there, seven heptads after Christ’s resurrection, to experience our “Pentecost” –
We receive God’s holy spirit, which ensures our success in becoming a true Son of God.  
Now, we wait for the redemption of our body – the resurrection of the firstfruits.  In other
words, the Heptad of Passover and the seven heptads of “Pentecost” focus on one thing:
The plan of God, the Father, to obtain a Bride for His Son.  The rest of the world waits
until this marriage takes place so that they also may become a part of the Family of God.  
However, the Bride of Christ encompasses only the firstfruits of “Pentecost”: Those
coming into the Kingdom of God after the first resurrection will not be a part of the Bride
of Christ.

Revelation 20:6 Blessed and holy [is] he who has part in the first resurrection.  Over such
the second death has no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall
reign with Him a thousand years.

*NKJ 2Corinthians 4:4 whose minds
the god of this age (Satan) has blinded, who do not
believe, lest the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God, should
shine on them.

**NKJ 1Corinthians 15:20 But now Christ is risen from the dead, [and] has become the
firstfruits [Greek: firstfruit – singular] of those who have fallen asleep.

***Romans 5:10 For if when we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the
death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled,
we shall be delivered by His life.

Romans 8:23 And not only [they], but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the
Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, [to wit], the
redemption of our body.


In our study we have observed 3 periods of seven that relate to God’s Festivals: 1) “The
Seven Days of Sabbath” a span of seven specific days (beginning with the first day of
Sabbath and ending with the seventh day of Sabbath) followed by another span of seven
days, continuously from creation, which marks out the Seventh Day Sabbath – God’s Feast
Day, according to the Commandment.  We should note that the bible never refers to the
Seven Days of Sabbath as a heptad because six of the seven days are workdays and only
the seventh day is a feast day.  In other words, the Sabbath is a one-day festival rather than
a seven-day festival such as Passover.  
2) “The Seven Days of Passover” one heptad each
year from the sunset of Nisan 14, to the sunset of Nisan 21 – occasionally coinciding with
the Seven Days of Sabbath, but most often a different series of seven days; and
3) “The
Festival of Seven Heptads”: “The Forty-Nine Days to “Pentecost” (“Pentecost” is the
fiftieth day and the Holyday)” seven “heptads” followed by the holyday, at sunset of day
forty-nine – thereby beginning the fiftieth day.  However, “Pentecost” has not fully come
until 9AM of  the Day of “Pentecost” when the priests presented the offering of the
firstfruits of the wheat harvest.  The reason is simple: The priests made the barley offering
of firstfruits at 9AM, 49 days – “seven periods of seven” earlier – on Nisan 16 – and the
cycle becomes complete only when we arrive at 9AM – 7 heptads later at the offering of
the firstfruits of the wheat harvest.  In other words, “Pentecost” has fully come when the
count is “seven heptads” from the offering of the barley firstfruits to the offering of the
wheat firstfruits.

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