THE SEVEN DAYS OF SABBATH By Juan R. Rains (August 2014)
Most of the English Translations of the Psalms do not make clear “The Seven Days of Sabbath”. When properly understood, the first six days of the Seven Days of Sabbath are days of anticipation for the Seventh Day Sabbath, which is the highlight of the Seven Days of the Hebrew Week. The Greek Septuagint specifies five of the Psalms for this purpose. From the Rabbis we learn about the third and fifth Psalms marked out for this consecutive expectation of the Seventh Day Sabbath. In our study of these days, we include only the first verse of each Psalm so marked – the focus of our study. One should observe that in some of these verses the Greek Septuagint has the Genitive Plural: “of the Sabbaths”; and some of them have the Genitive Singular: “of the Sabbath,” which the LXE (the Septuagint English Translation) has translated as “of the week”. The psalmist treated the sixth day differently – linguistically: “for the day before, the day of the Sabbath”.
The translation of “week” is an ambiguous term for the Hebrew or Greek word “Sabbath”. The word “week” presents us with an inadequate term to express the significance of the psalmist’s intent. Considering that the object is to excite eagerness for the Seventh Day Sabbath, it would be better to translate as, “Sabbath” rather than “week”. Moreover, as one looks forward to each Sabbath, as it approaches, often where we find the plural we should understand the singular: In such case, we have the figure: “Heterosis of Number - Plural for Singular”: (Sabbaths = Sabbath) or “Singular for Plural”: (Sabbath = Sabbaths). In addition, the adjectives first, second, etc., are singular, indicating the singular number for the word Sabbath in some instances. Moreover, we often have other modifying singular or plural adjectives, nouns, and pronouns to inform us when to translate the word “Sabbath” in the singular or the plural.
In the secular world, we have an imitation of “The Seven Days of Sabbath” in the holiday song – “The Twelve Days of Christmas”. The song goes, “On the first day of Christmas...on the second day of Christmas...etc., on the twelfth day of Christmas” – the twelfth day being the holiday – the day of celebration; whereas, the previous eleven days excite anticipation for the day of festivities. The Hebrews used the seven days of their “week” in this anticipatory-literary paradigm: The first day of Sabbath, the second day of Sabbath, etc. Moreover, historically the Seven Days of Sabbath came before the twelve days of Christmas, as “The Twelve Days of Christmas” came sometime after the earth had corrupted itself; whereas, the Seven Days of Sabbath began with the creation “week” of Genesis*.
*NKJ Genesis 2:2 And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. 3 Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work, which God had created and made.
Each day of what we call a week in English (sunset to sunset), the bible refers to as a day of the Sabbath in Hebrew, in anticipation of the day of observance – the Seventh Day Sabbath. One understands immediately that the seventh day Sabbath is the object; and the first, second, third, fourth, fifth, and sixth days of Sabbath are in expectation of the Seventh Day Sabbath. We should note further that the Seven Days of Sabbath are all part of a whole – the worship of the creator God who rested on the Seventh Day Sabbath, after completing His work on the first through the sixth days of Sabbath: Evening and Morning were the first day, Evening and Morning were the second day, etc.
As an aside, observe that the days of creation began and ended at noon – hence the first and second evenings of the Hebrew days, which generated the idiom: “Between the Two Evenings”: Literally, “Between the Beginnings of the Two Evenings”. However, in practice, the first evening – noon to sunset – was a period of preparation for the following calendar day, which began at sunset.
On the other hand, the pagans named the seven days of the week after their various gods: Sunday: The first day of the week was for the sun-god. Monday: The second day of the week was for the moon-god. Tuesday: The third day of the week was for the god of mars (Tiu’s (TE-oo) day – the Germanic god of war and sky). Wednesday: The fourth day of the week was for the god of Mercury (Odin – the Anglo-Saxon, Woden: The Norse god of wisdom, war, art, culture, and the dead and the supreme deity and creator of the cosmos and humans.). Thursday: The fifth day of the week was for the god of Thor or Jupiter (the god of thunder). Friday: The sixth day of the week was for the goddess Frigg, the Norse goddess of the heavens, and wife of Odin. Saturday: The seventh day of the week was for the god of Saturn (the god of agriculture).
Now, Wednesday, in Mythology, was the day of the supreme god – Woden – the father of the other gods – the pagans buried his day in the middle of the week. The pagans in some parts of the world referred to Jupiter as father- Jupiter – indicating his supremacy over the other gods. On the other hand, the pagans gave the first day of the week to the sun god – making the sun god the supreme god in the place of Woden, from their perspective. The proposition is that the supreme god of Mythology had isolated himself from humanity and that his son had replaced him in importance to humanity, as the sun god. The different tribes of the old world had diverse names for these gods.
Therefore, one sees a week of confusion in the adopted names for the seven- day cycle in the English calendar, in contrast to the wholeness and singularity of the Seven Days of Sabbath. In the Seven Days of Sabbath, we have six days in anticipation of the Seventh Day, for the worship of the one God represented by two persons: The Father and Yahweh, His Son*. The conclusion is that Yahweh created the Seventh Day of what became the Hebrew week for worship of the true God while the pagans set aside the first day of the week for the worship of their supreme sun-god, which types Lucifer. Moreover, it is by no accident that the pagans named Friday after a goddess rather than a god. In the pagan trinity, we have “father, son, mother”. Wednesday is the “father,” Friday is the “wife/mother,” and Sunday is the “son”. The true God is not a trinity but a family. We present this note so that the reader may catch a glimpse of the two religions of the world. All religions devolve into only two creeds: 1) The Seven Days of Sabbath, with the Seventh Day Sabbath as the day of worship of the true God, or 2) The seven days of the week, with Sunday or some other day, as the space for the worship of their god, Lucifer/Satan.
*We are aware that some believe in the doctrine that Yahweh is the name for both members of the God Family – the Father and the Son. However, the bible specifies that the name Yahweh is only the name of the One who spoke for the God Family. Moreover, He was the One who became the Christ of the New Testament. The doctrinal error of the one name for both God-the-Father and God-the-Son has occurred because of corruption in the Masoretic Text of the Old Testament. The Masoretic Jews believed that God was one being; therefore, they were not careful in their use of the Name Yahweh when they created their Hebrew Bible from the many manuscripts at their disposal. Regrettably, they destroyed the manuscripts, from which they created their bible, and we do not have an abundance of information to get at the truth. However, the Samaritan Pentateuch and the New Testament has enough information to prove corruption in the Masoretic Text on this matter. The following scriptures illustrate that YAHWEH is the name of the One who appeared to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and that this Name belongs only to Him.
Psalms 83:18 That they may know that You, whose name alone [is] the LORD (YAHWEH), [Are] the Most High over all the earth.
Jeremiah 16:21 "Therefore behold, I will this once cause them to know, I will cause them to know My hand and My might; And they shall know that My name [is] the LORD (YAHWEH).
Exodus 6:3 "I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, as God Almighty, but [by] My name LORD (YAHWEH) I was not known to them.
Isaiah 42:8 I [am] the LORD (YAHWEH), that [is] My name; And My glory I will not give to another, Nor My praise to carved images.