|Synopsis of the Apostle
Revelation 13:8 And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose
names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the
foundation of the world.
Now, by the two changes in the New Covenant, which we have been
discussing, Christ condemned sin in the flesh. Even a human being
could live a righteous life before God with the help of the holy spirit
and justification by faith.
Romans 8:3 For what the law (of the former husband) could not do, in that
it was weak through the flesh (the fault was with them), God sending his
own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the
Moreover, if we do not live according to the flesh – accommodate our
carnal mind – but live according to the spirit: accommodate the holy
spirit dwelling in us, we can live according to the Ten
Commandments: fulfilling the requirements of the Decalogue.
Paul does not always spell out the details – obviously by design – so
that only those with the holy spirit could come to understand his
teachings. The context tells us which law Paul intended, if we
comprehend the subject of the Old versus the New Covenants. Peter
tells us that it is difficult for us to understand some aspects of Paul’s
writings. Peter further states that for this reason some wrest (force)
Paul’s writings to say what he never intended to say. Satan has seen
to it that millions today believe this forced view of Paul’s teachings
rather than the truth.
Romans 8:4 That the righteousness of the law (the Ten Commandments)
might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh (the carnal mind), but
(who walk) after (according to) the Spirit (the spirit mind).
2Peter 3:15 And account [that] the longsuffering of our Lord [is]
salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom
given unto him hath written unto you;
16 As also in all [his] epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which
are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and
unstable wrest (force), as [they do] also the other scriptures, unto their
Revelation 12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called
the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out
into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.
Those who indulge the carnal mind enhance the carnal things of life;
but those who satisfy the urgings of the holy spirit advance themselves
in the things of God.
Romans 8:5 For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh;
but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit.
If we follow the carnal route, we will lose our eternal life in the end;
but if we continually advance toward the things of God – by means of
the spirit mind – we will reap eternal life and enjoy a peaceful life
Romans 8:6 For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually
minded is life and peace.
In the above passage, Paul expresses the difference between the Old
Covenant and the New Covenant and explains how we now have the
means to do what the wife of the former husband could not do.
Therefore, he admonishes us to use the advantages of the New
Covenant to make our calling and selection sure. God wants to know
the intents of our innermost being. We must become known quantities
to God, if we want to inherit eternal life. This lifetime is our proving
ground. God does not give us salvation by fiat; if that were the case,
human life has no purpose: God might as well have made us spirit to
begin with and by-passed the human phase.
Salvation is a process and Paul explains that process. The Old
Covenant only pointed to the New Covenant. Those of the Old
Covenant that succeeded did so because they could see the Messiah in
it. They had the holy spirit and they knew that the sacrifices of the
Old Covenant justification system were only types of the Christ to
come. The rest of those people will have to wait until the “second”
resurrection to receive salvation – they will not be a part of the bride
Protestants often use this verse to teach that God has done away with
His law – the Ten Commandments. Of course, not having the holy
spirit, they cannot understand; therefore, they force the scriptures to
meet their own “needs”. There are two modes of living: 1) By God’s
law as expressed in the Ten Commandments and 2) By Satan’s
doctrine, which goes contrary to every point in the Ten
Commandments. The end of the Law of God would mean the end of
the universe. However, the word <end> has different nuances of
meaning. Notice how James and Peter use the word <end> in the
James 5:11 Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of
the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very
pitiful (compassionate), and of tender mercy.
1Peter 1:9 Receiving the end of your faith, [even] the salvation of [your]
Does James mean that the Lord no longer exists? Does Peter mean
that faith no longer exists? Paul tells us in Romans 10:4 that Christ –
having lived a perfect life according to the Ten Commandments – is
our example. We should not look to one another for examples of
righteousness, but to Christ – the epitome of the law. Of course, this
applies only to believers – those who are a part of the New Covenant
and have the ability to follow Christ.
The elements that Christ changed in the New Covenant give one hope
to live a righteous life; and one does not want to seek the wrong
example. In Ephesians 5:1, Paul admonished those of the New
Covenant to follow God. Why was this teaching necessary, if God
does everything for us and all we have to do is “accept Christ”? Our
carnal nature continually pulls us toward sin. Our new nature pulls us
toward righteousness. Paul spoke of this war in our members in
another place. Read our book “The Two Natures” to better
understand this war of the mind.
Romans 10:4 For Christ [is] the end (aspiration) of the law for
righteousness – to every one that believeth.
Ephesians 5:1 ¶ Be ye therefore followers of God, as dear children;
Romans 13:8 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that
loveth another hath fulfilled the law.
Expressed in another way: If one fulfills the law – lives according to
the law – he loves his neighbor.
Romans 13:10 Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love [is] the
fulfilling of the law.
Christ gave the answer to Romans 13:8 in the following verses:
Matthew 22:36 Master, which is the great commandment in the law?
37 Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart,
and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.
38 This is the first and great commandment.
39 And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
40 On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.
In other words, the first table of the law (The Ten Commandments) is
love toward God and the second table of the law is love toward man.
If you love God and man, as specified in the two tables of the law, you
have fulfilled the requirements of the law and the New Covenant. In
fact, one may sum up the keeping of the Ten Commandments with the
one word <love>.
In this passage, Paul expresses his “being all things to all people”
stance to win some to Christ. Paul was a national Jew; therefore, he
could present himself as a Jew easily enough. When Paul met a Jew
still subject to the laws of the Old Covenant, he had been there and
could identify with that person. When Paul was with someone who
never knew about the Old Covenant (i.e. a Gentile), Paul could
converse with him – although he makes it transparent to his readers
that he was still subject to (under) the Law of God (The Ten
Commandments), the Law of Christ – the husband of the New
1Corinthians 9:20 and to the Jews I became as a Jew, in order that I might
win Jews; to those who are under law, as under law, in order that I might
win those who are under law (those under the Old Covenant Law);
21 to those outside the law (Never been under the Old or New Covenant),
as one outside the law (not being (myself) outside the law toward God, but
(being myself) subject to the law toward Christ [under the New
Covenant]), in order that I might win those outside the law (those never
under either covenant);
This might be a good place to list the elements of the Old Covenant in
comparison to the elements of the New Covenant. Everything
changed except the definition of sin. In order for the Ten
Commandments to change, God would have had to decide that He did
not know what He was talking about when He set down the definition
of sin. God is the same yesterday, today, and forever – God does not
change. The fault was with the people. Therefore, God created a
New Covenant to give the Covenantee a better chance of living up to
the agreement. Observe that God did not do away with any of the
elements of the Old Covenant; rather, He changed each element to
provide a better covenant for the wife of the new husband. We could
add other elements – set down in the Old Covenant and altered in the
New Covenant – however, this will illustrate the process.
|(Law of Former Husband)
Definition of Sin:
The Ten Commandments
Focus of Proclamation:
Law & Prophets
The Plan of God:
Holydays With Sacrifices
Of the Flesh
|(Law of New Husband)
Definition of Sin:
The Ten Commandments
The Spirit of God
Focus of Proclamation:
Kingdom of God
The Plan of God:
Holydays Without Sacrifices
Of the Heart (Mind)
In this passage, Paul begins by hinting at those corrupting the word of
God. Even in Paul’s time Satan was already beginning to worm his
book, Primitive Christianity in Crisis, by Alan Knight, he will better
understand what Paul references here.
However, Paul tells us elsewhere that “The mystery of lawlessness”
was already at work. The Mystery of Lawlessness culminated into the
religions of today, which teach that the Law of God – the Ten
Commandments are no longer binding or that Christ keeps the law for
us, which is the same thing as eliminating the Decalogue – in other
words, a lawless structure, for the covenantee. “The mystery of
lawlessness” is a distinctive characteristic for “The Babylonian
Mysteries”. Under the guise of Christianity, these antichrists teach
their mysteries of the trinity, eternal security (once converted, always
saved), SUNday worship, predestination, and antinomianism
(lawlessness). Paul uses the antinomianism aspect to name this satanic
system of worship, in 2Thessalonians 2:7: The Mystery of
2Thessalonians 2:7 For the mystery of lawlessness is already at work; only
He who now restrains will continue until one comes out of the midst.
Some of the teachers of Paul’s day probably tried to lump Paul in with
this teaching – even as the modern purveyors of “The Babylonian
Mysteries” do. In other words, they must have Paul on their side to
justify their existence. However, Paul’s preaching that the Old
Covenant had ceased and the New Covenant had begun was a pure
teaching of the word of God. Paul had to contend with the teachers of
lawlessness who corrupted the word of God – especially that part of
the bible that God commissioned to him – during the time of his
ministry. Peter tells us that they also forced (corrupted) the other
scriptures to their own destruction.
2Peter 3:16 As also in all [his] epistles, speaking in them of these things;
in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are
unlearned and unstable wrest (force), as [they do] also the other scriptures,
unto their own destruction.
Paul continues that the lifestyle of the Corinthians (those converted to
Christianity) exhibited an improvement from their corrupt past – they
were lights to the corrupt society of Corinth. In other words, the
converted Corinthians expressed themselves according to the Law of
God – the Ten Commandments: They let their light shine, to their
2Corinthians 2:17 For we are not as the rest, corrupting the word of God;
but as of sincerity, but as from God, we speak in the sight of God in Christ.
2Corinthians 3:1 ¶ Do we begin again to commend ourselves? Or do we
need, as some do, letters of recommendation to you, or letters of
recommendation from you?
2 You are our letter, having been written in our hearts, being known and
being read by all men;
In verse 3, Paul mentions one of the elements of the New Covenant –
the indwelling of the spirit of God, which gave the covenantee of the
New Covenant an edge over those of the Old Covenant. The
covenantee of the Old Covenant knew about the tables of stone in the
ark of the covenant, but the covenantee of the New Covenant had God
working in his mind with the urge to do the right thing: Follow the Ten
2Corinthians 3:3 being made known that you are the letter of Christ, which
was ministered by us, having been written not with ink but by the Spirit of
the living God, not in tablets of stone but in tablets of flesh, namely in
4 And we have such trust through Christ toward God.
5 Not that we are sufficient in ourselves to consider anything as from
ourselves, but our sufficiency is from God,
In verse 6, Paul makes plain that he was a minister of the New
Covenant, which includes the element of the indwelling of the holy
spirit. He was not a minister of the Old Covenant, which only
required living by the letter of the law. Moreover, Paul explains that
the letter kills – in other words, the justification system of the Old
Covenant (the blood of bulls and goats) was inadequate. As this
animal blood did not result in taking away sin, as breaking the Ten
Commandments resulted in eternal death, those of the Old Covenant –
the letter of the law – did not, as a rule inherit eternal life. On the
other hand, in the New Covenant, those living by the spirit of the law
could inherit eternal life because they had a justification system that
worked. Moreover, the holy spirit that warred against the carnal mind
ensured their success, if they gave heed to its urgings. In other words,
Paul continued to compare the New Covenant with the Old.
What we do not want to miss is that the Old Covenant was a package
of laws – not just the Ten Commandments. Moreover, the New
Covenant is a package of laws. The elements of the new package
make the difference between failure and success.
2Corinthians 3:6 ¶ who also has made us efficient as ministers of the new
covenant, not of the letter (of the Old Covenant) but of the Spirit (of the new
covenant); for the letter (Old Covenant) kills, but the Spirit (New Covenant)
Of course, the Old Covenant had its glory. After all, God did design
the Old Covenant and whatever God does has glory. However, the
magnificence of the New Covenant has to be more glorious, for it
works to bring Sons into the Kingdom of God: those of the Bride of
Christ under the New Covenant will be much larger than that part of
the Bride of Christ under the Old Covenant. The reason for this being
that God only gave His holy spirit to a few of those under the Old
Covenant. Everyone in the New Covenant must have the holy spirit.
God makes one a member of the New Covenant by giving him a
portion of His spirit. Until one receives the holy spirit, he is not a
member of the New Covenant.
2Corinthians 3:7 Now if the ministry of death (Ten Commandments without
an effective justification system), having been engraved in letters on stones,
came to be with glory, so that the sons of Israel could not look intently into
the face of Moses because of the glory of his countenance, the glory which
was passing away,
8 how will the ministry of the Spirit (New Covenant with an effective
justification system and the indwelling of the spirit of God) not be more
Galatians 2:16 explains what we have already said in a number of ways
in this writing. Anytime Paul mentions the “works” of the law, he
references the sacrificial laws, added for a societal justification of the
people when they broke the Ten Commandments. The Old Covenant
justification – the works of the law (the sacrifices offered for
justification) did not work (they did not result in a clearing of the
conscience from sin). One may receive justification only by faith in the
sacrifice of Christ. Observe that Paul speaks of justification. Anytime
Paul speaks of the Old Covenant justification system, he references the
sacrificial system administered by the priests in the temple. Here, Paul
continues to teach concerning the transition from the Old Covenant to
the New Covenant. Elsewhere, he said that the blood of bulls and goats
could not take away sin. That is the message here, just in different
Galatians 2:16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law
(the sacrificial system of the Old Covenant), but by the faith of Jesus Christ,
even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith
of Christ, and not by the works of the law (the blood of bulls and goats): for
by the works of the law (the sacrificial system of justification) shall no flesh
In Galatians 3:5, Paul continues to teach concerning the New
Covenant versus the Old Covenant. The New Covenant has the
elements of the spirit of God and justification by faith. The Old
Covenant has the element of the carnal mind and justification by the
works of the law – the sacrificial system. Paul used every
perspective that he could think of to get across to the people that the
old system was obsolete and the new system was the way to go. Here,
Paul brings in the aspect of miracles. The Apostles taught the New
Covenant and God worked miracles through them. There were no
miracles going on over at the temple. Paul throws this in the face of
the Jews as another reason for them to cross over to the New
Galatians 3:5 He therefore that ministereth to you the Spirit (preaches
about the spirit mind of the New Covenant), and worketh miracles among
you, [doeth he it] by the works of the law (the Old Covenant – the law of
the former husband – specifically the sacrificial system of justification), or
by the hearing of faith (among those preaching justification by faith)?
Galatians 3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law (the justification
system of the Old Covenant) are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is
every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of
the law to do them.
11 But that no man is justified by the law (the justification system of the
Old Covenant) in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by
faith (the justification of the New Covenant).
12 And the law (Old Covenant package – law of the former husband) is not
of faith (it was based on the works of sacrifices and on the carnal mind):
but, The man that doeth them shall live in them.
In this passage, Paul continues to compare the Old Covenant with the
New Covenant. Remember that Paul said he taught only Christ and
Him crucified. Christ died so that He could make the essential
changes of justification and the holy spirit to the New Covenant. In
other words, Christ became our means of justification by faith, which
replaced the justification system of the Old Covenant – the sacrificial
system. Christ’s resurrection insured that we would receive the holy
spirit – once He returned to the Father. The Ten Commandments – the
definition of sin – remained the same in both covenants.
John 14:16 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another
Comforter, that he may abide with you forever;
The element of justification by faith required the sacrifice of Christ;
and God chose to make this elemental change in the New Covenant
after the death of Christ – although, there were some few who
comprehended this even in the Old Covenant. Those under the Old
Covenant who will become a part of the bride of Christ guided their
lives according to the elements of the New Covenant. In other words,
they looked forward to the sacrifice of Christ for their justification
when they offered the sacrifices required in the Old Covenant.
Moreover, God gave them His holy spirit so they could inherit eternal
life in the first resurrection.
Understand that Christ did not die to change the definition of sin.
Understand that where there is no law, God does not impute sin.
Understand that Christ died for our justification. Understand, where
there is no sin, one does not need justification. Therefore, Christ died
in vain, if the definition of sin has ceased. What ceased was the
covenant of the former husband, which included in its package the
added laws of justification until Christ came and made a better way –
justification by faith.
Romans 5:13 (For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed
when there is no law.
The Ten Commandments were part of the Old Covenant package. In
fact, the Decalogue was the only enduring part of the Old Covenant
package. The Old Covenant – the Law of the former husband –
required these Ten Commandments in the letter. However, the New
Covenant required these same Ten Commandments – in the spirit. In
other words, one could hate in the Old Covenant as long as he did not
kill. In the New Covenant, one must refrain from hating – the spirit of
the Law of God. The letter of the Old Covenant rose to the spirit level
of the law, in the New Covenant. However, it is not acceptable to kill
– the letter of the law – as long as one refrains from hatred: the spirit
of the law. One must first hate in order to kill. Therefore, one who
lives by the spirit of the law also lives by the letter because the letter
is at a lower level of the law. When one lives by the spirit of the law,
he has surpassed the letter of the law. The perspective is not the letter
versus the spirit, but the spirit above or beyond the letter. The New
Covenant Christian lives on a higher level than the mere letter of the
law: In other words, the Christian performs better than the letter of the
law. To put it another way: The essence of the letter is the spirit of
the law. In order to refrain from killing, one must avoid hatred.
Paul took the statement “The man that does them shall live in them”
from Leviticus 18:5 – “If a man do (them), he shall live in them”. In
other words, if a man could keep all of the laws of the Old Covenant,
he would reap eternal life – he would not die (eternal death). This
was a true but rhetorical statement: The problem is that no man could
do them, without the holy spirit and justification by faith – hence, the
need for the New Covenant.
One might ask, Why make a New Covenant if it was not going to work
any better than the Old Covenant. Moreover, why make a New
Covenant if God was going to do everything for us. That would not be
a covenant – it would be a statement. If man has no part, then the term
covenant is a misnomer. The very fact that God used the term
Covenant specifies obligations on each of the two parties: God and
Leviticus 18:5 Ye shall therefore keep my statutes, and my judgments:
which if a man do, he shall live in them: I [am] the LORD.
Christ became the sacrifice – our means of justification for sin – by
His death on the tree. In this way, he exchanged the system of
justification that did not result in righteousness for the faith
justification system, which does result in righteousness when we ask
God for forgiveness of our sins.
Galatians 3:13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law (the
inadequate Old Covenant justification system – part of the law of the
former husband), being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is
every one that hangeth on a tree:
Galatians 3:23 But before faith (justification by faith in the sacrifice of
Christ) came, we were kept under the law (justification by the temple
sacrificial system), shut up unto the faith, which should afterwards be
24 Wherefore, the law (sacrificial) was our schoolmaster to bring us unto
Christ, that we might be justified by faith.
25 But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster (the
justification system of sacrifices).
After our previous study, it should be easy to understand these verses.
Before Christ’s sacrifice, one had to seek justification by the temple
sacrificial system. This continued only until Christ’s sacrifice. In
other words, faith is the justification system under the New Covenant.
Therefore, the schoolmaster law is the justification system of the Old
Covenant. God added the sacrificial laws because the Israelites
transgressed the Ten Commandments. In other words, God added a
teaching system – a schoolmaster to help the Israelites learn the Law
of God. This system of justification only lasted until Christ came and
died for the sins of the people. Now that we have the sacrifice of
Christ, we no longer need the schoolmaster system of justification.
Faith in Christ in the New Covenant replaced the Old Covenant system
of justification – the sacrificial-temple laws.
The bible does not speak of the Ten Commandments in these verses.
The Decalogue is no more a schoolmaster than is the Constitution of
the United States. These documents specify the laws of the land. The
sacrificial system was to teach the people how to refrain from
breaking the Ten Commandments. First, they broke the law (the Ten
Commandments) Second they came to the priest at the temple and
offered whatever sacrifice the sacrificial system required for the
particular infraction. In this way, they learned – the justification
system taught them – the specificity of the Law of God, for the future.
The system was weak, not because of the teaching aspect, but because
the people did not have the mind to do better – once they knew the
facts. Today, one who has the holy spirit should not need the drastic
measures of the justification system of the Old Covenant. With the
holy spirit, one should be able to grasp the truth easily and have the
mind to make excellent progress toward righteous character, as
specified by the Ten Commandments.
Galatians 4:8 ¶ Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto
them which by nature are no gods (idols).
9 But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how
turn ye again (anew) to the weak and beggarly elements (of the Old
Covenant), whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage (to sin)?
Under which circumstances you would regress to your former state of
enslavement (to sin).
Galatians 4:10 Ye observe <3906> (scrupulously – as in the Old Covenant))
days, and months, and times, and years.
11 I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labour in vain.
The Message Bible:
Galatians 4:11 I am afraid that all my hard work among you has gone up in
a puff of smoke!
The following verse is in context with the above passage and proves
that Paul referred to the Old Covenant laws of the Jews rather than
former holidays of the Gentiles.
Galatians 4:21 ¶ Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear
In Galatians 4:8, Paul speaks to Gentile Christian converts. At one
time, they did not know God at all, unlike the Jews who knew God
from a perspective. Before the Gentiles became converts to Christ,
they served idols. After they had started on the road to knowing God,
after God had come to know them – after they had received the holy
spirit – they were beginning to turn anew to something else. The Greek
word translated, as <again> also has the nuance of <anew>. The
Gentiles were never a part of the Old Covenant. Therefore, the context
indicates the nuance of <anew> rather than <again>.
We have also translated the last clause of verse 9. The KJV translation
creates a contradiction: How could these particular Gentiles, who
never knew God – never been a part of the Old Covenant return to the
bondage of that system. Paul tells us that these Gentiles had never
known God; therefore, they had never been a part of the ritualistic
traditions of the Jews. These Gentiles had been slaves to sin and were
in danger of returning to that state – if they embraced the justification
system of the Old Covenant – because that system could not bring them
back to a righteous state when they sinned. The thrust of Paul’s
statement in the Greek is that they would regress to their former state of
enslavement to sin.
Some of the Jews had hooked the minds of these Gentiles on the
elements as taught in the Old Covenant; and they were leading these
Gentiles into the bondage of sin once again: For the justification
system, of the Old Covenant, could not take away sin and did not
include the elemental change of the holy spirit – circumcision of the
These Gentiles were neglecting nothing requisite to the religious
observance of the ritualistic laws of justification – the Old Covenant.
The word <observe> here means more than just keeping the festival
days and observing the festival seasons. These Gentiles were actually
involving themselves in the sacrifices of these festival days. They
were beginning to embrace the entire Old Testament sacrificial system.
Online Bible: observe <3906>
1b) to observe, keep scrupulously
1b1) to neglect nothing requisite to the religious observance of
Paul had nothing against keeping the festivals. In fact, Paul
admonished the New Covenant Christians to keep the feast of
Unleavened Bread in 1Corinthians 5:8.
1Corinthians 5:8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither
with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened [bread]
of sincerity and truth.
However, Paul had no desire to return to the ineffective elements of the
Old Covenant. The Holydays of the Old Covenant explain the plan of
God for man. The only parts of the Holydays of the Old Covenant that
we find unacceptable in the New Covenant are those added laws of
sacrifices that Christ replaced. Read Feast Days Rebuttal to
understand more concerning whether we should keep the feast days of
the Old Testament.
Paul had taught the Gentile converts concerning the new system of
justification by faith. If they submitted to the teachings of some of the
Jews who did not understand the New Covenant and allowed these
Jews to brainwash them with the requirements of the Old Covenant
system of justification – then all of Paul’s hard work among them – to
bring them to Christ – had gone up in a puff of smoke!