By Juan R. Rains
Part 1
The Eternal has made several covenants with man over the
past 6000 years.  One of the first covenants we read about is
the one God made with Noah.

Ge 6:18  But with thee will I establish my covenant; and thou shalt
come into the ark, thou, and thy sons, and thy wife, and thy sons'
wives with thee.   

Notice the term <establish> my covenant.  The Eternal is not
slack with His covenants.  He makes clear the terms of His
covenants; and He establishes His covenants with those whom
He desires.

The above covenant was made with Noah, but included 8
people of all the earth.  The earth had become well populated
and the people on the earth had become grossly evil.  The
Eternal decided to destroy all of the people living, and start
over.  Of all those people, He decided to make a covenant
only with Noah.  Because of the covenant God made with
Noah, his wife and three sons, and their wives were saved
from the flood.  There was no mistaking the terms of the
covenant.  Had Noah misunderstood something about the
covenant, he would have lost his life in the flood.

But, there was no danger that Noah would misunderstand,
because the Eternal was intimately concerned that Noah
understood every dot and every tittle of the covenant.

And He is just as intimately concerned that we understand the
terms of the covenant He has made with us today!

Now another covenant that God made was with everyone that
would ever be born on the earth.  The rainbow was given as a
token of this covenant.  Because of this covenant, we don't
ever have to worry about the earth being completely covered
in a flood again.

Gen 9:12  And God said, This is the token of the covenant which I
make between me and you and every living creature that is with you,
for perpetual generations:
13  I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a
covenant between me and the earth.

Ge 9:17  And God said unto Noah, This is the token of the covenant,
which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the

The next covenant the Eternal made was with Abram.  Abram
was given the land from the river of Egypt to the river
Euphrates.  Abram was to be multiplied exceedingly; he was
to be a father of many nations.

Ge 15:18  In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram,
saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt
unto the great river, the river Euphrates:
Ge 17:2  And I will make my covenant between me and thee, and will
multiply thee exceedingly.   

Ge 17:4  As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt
be a father of many nations. {many...: Heb. multitude of nations}

The covenant with Abram included the stipulation that the
Eternal would be an Elohim (God) to Abram and to his
descendants after him.  

Ge 17:7  And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and
thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to
be a God (Elohim) unto thee, and to thy seed after thee.

The following verse shows that though this was a physical
covenant, the Eternal was specific that Abraham and his
descendants were to <keep> that covenant.  There was no
“ifs, maybes or mights” about it.  There were no exclusion
clauses.  And we will see later what would happen if someone
failed to keep that covenant.

Ge 17:9  And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant
therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations.

The token of the covenant was spelled out.  Every male child
was to be circumcised.

Ge 17:10  This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and
you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be
Ge 17:11  And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it
shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you.
Ge 17:13  He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy
money, must needs be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your
flesh for an everlasting covenant.

Notice why it was very important to understand the terms of
the covenant.  If someone failed to understand that the
foreskin was to be circumcised, that soul would be cut off
from his people because he had broken the covenant.  We will
see later that the Eternal was just as exacting about His
covenant with Abraham's descendants though that covenant
was somewhat more encompassing, unless of course a lot is
left out of the record concerning Abraham.

Ge 17:14  And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his
foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people;
he hath broken my covenant.

There was no clause to cover for ignorance about the terms of
the covenant.  The Eternal intended to intimately explain and
put before their faces the terms of the covenant.  Anyone who
did not understand the covenant was obviously either not a
part of the covenant or was reprobate.

In the book of Exodus, we see that the Eternal remembered
the covenant that He had made with Abraham because of the
groanings of the descendants of Abraham and brought them
out of the bondage of Egypt.

Just before the Eternal thundered the Ten Commandments
from Mount Sinai, He told Moses to tell the people that if they
would keep His covenant and obey His voice they would be a
peculiar treasure to Him above all people on the earth.

Ex 19:5  Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my
covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all
people: for all the earth is mine:  

In the next verse, Moses <read> the book of the covenant to
the people.  Before a covenant can be made with someone, it
is obligatory that the terms of the covenant be made known to
both parties.  It is obvious that the Eternal knew the terms of
the agreement because He is the one who drew up the
covenant.  But it is just as certain that the people knew the
terms of the covenant because Moses read the book of the
covenant to them.  And notice what they said, "ALL that
YHWH has said will we do, and be obedient."

So, the Eternal understood the terms of the covenant and the
people understood the terms of the covenant and both agreed
to those terms.

Ex 24:7  And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the
audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD hath said
will we do, and be obedient.
Ex 24:8  And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people,
and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD hath
made with you concerning all these words.

The reason that it is important to understand the basic terms
of a covenant is because once you sign your name to the
covenant, it becomes a binding document and you are legal for
all the terms of that covenant.  Because there were so many
Israelites, rather than requiring their signature Moses took
blood and sprinkled it on the people.  This he called the blood
of the covenant, that YHWH has made with you concerning
<ALL> these words.  A blood covenant is the most binding of
all covenants.

The people did not make a covenant with the Eternal, but He
made the covenant with them.  Only the Eternal had the
means to bring all the terms of the covenant to pass.  The
people were only the recipients of blessings if they would
continue to obey the terms of the covenant that applied to
them.  The blessings that were a part of the covenant were
God’s part to administer.  He had no problem with His part,
even though it was the greater part.  Their obedience was
only in terms of the letter of the law.  The Israelites were
never demanded to keep the law in the spirit.  Yet - sadly,
they could not even keep the law in the letter and ultimately
lost the blessings of the Old Covenant.

Although the Sabbath was part of the law of the covenant that
the Eternal made with the Israelites, the Sabbath was set
apart as a covenant all by itself.  There was a very important
reason for doing this.  The Sabbath was a period of time set
aside to learn about the rest of the covenant!  In order to
make sure that everyone knew about the terms of what we
call the Old Covenant, the Eternal made another covenant, a
perpetual covenant - the observation of the Sabbath.  This
shows how concerned the Eternal is to make sure that
everyone with whom He has made a covenant understands the
details of the agreement.  The Sabbath is a separate covenant
all by itself, and in reality makes up two covenants between
God and us.  Therefore, it is twice as important as the other
commandments, for the Sabbath was to be the means by which
people learned about the rest of the covenant.

Ex 31:16  Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to
observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual

The Eternal was and is very protective of His covenant.  So
much so that he warned the Israelites that they were <not> to
make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land.  If you do,
He said, it will be a snare in the midst of you.  The land where
they were going was a land of sun worship.  These people
worshipped on the day of the Sun.  It was called Sun-day.  The
people were warned not to make any covenant with these
people, lest they should become ensnared in their worship.  
This warning is ever needful because Satan is always trying to
break through to the peculiar people and make them like the

Ex 34:12  Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a covenant with the
inhabitants of the land whither thou goest, lest it be for a snare in the
midst of thee:
Ex 34:15  Lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land,
and they go a whoring after their gods, and do sacrifice unto their
gods, and one call thee, and thou eat of his sacrifice;

Now, what were the words of the covenant that the Eternal
made with Israel?  The Ten Commandments that were written
upon the two tables was the covenant the Eternal made with
Israel!  And, we will see later that the New Covenant has the
exact same words in it.  However, the demand on the part of
those in the New Covenant is much greater!  They must live
by the spirit of the words as well as by the letter.  But then
again, those of the New Covenant have been given a blessing
from God’s side of the Covenant that most of the Israelites
never had.  They are given the very spirit of the Eternal to
enlighten their minds of the details of the covenant and to help
them overcome their human nature.  For to live the Ten
Commandments in the spirit requires more than just the
natural carnal mind.

Ex 34:28  And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty
nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon
the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.
{commandments: Heb. words}    

In the book of Leviticus, God told the Israelites what would
happen if they broke the covenant.  I have copied a large
passage, because we need to understand how seriously the
Eternal takes His covenants.  If you break my covenant, I will
do this, He said.  We need to take time to read what will
happen if we break the covenant of God.  We need to
understand how serious He is about the terms of His covenant
and whether we are keeping those terms.  It is obvious that
He would not leave to chance the understanding of the terms
of His covenant and yet be so exacting about the punishment
for breaking that covenant.  There is no place that I know of
where the Eternal said, If you are doing something and think
it is part of the covenant I will accept that you are really doing
what is required of the covenant.  He kept the terms of the
covenant very simple, just ten points as we saw above.  Many
laws were added later because of their transgressions of the
ten laws of the covenant, but these were dropped in the New
Covenant because a better way was given.  Rather than all
these do's and don'ts to help the people keep the laws of the
covenant, the desire to do so was placed in our minds by the
power of the holy spirit.

Lev 26:15  And if ye shall despise my statutes, or if your soul abhor
my judgments, so that ye will not do all my commandments, but that ye
break my covenant:
16  I also will do this unto you; I will even appoint over you terror,
consumption, and the burning ague, that shall consume the eyes, and
cause sorrow of heart: and ye shall sow your seed in vain, for your
enemies shall eat it. {over: Heb. upon}
17  And I will set my face against you, and ye shall be slain before
your enemies: they that hate you shall reign over you; and ye shall flee
when none pursueth you.
18  And if ye will not yet for all this hearken unto me, then I will
punish you seven times more for your sins.
19  And I will break the pride of your power; and I will make your
heaven as iron, and your earth as brass:
20  And your strength shall be spent in vain: for your land shall not
yield her increase, neither shall the trees of the land yield their fruits.
21  And if ye walk contrary unto me, and will not hearken unto me; I
will bring seven times more plagues upon you according to your sins.
{contrary...: or, at all adventures with me}
22  I will also send wild beasts among you, which shall rob you of
your children, and destroy your cattle, and make you few in number;
and your high ways shall be desolate.
23  And if ye will not be reformed by me by these things, but will walk
contrary unto me;
24  Then will I also walk contrary unto you, and will punish you yet
seven times for your sins.
25  And I will bring a sword upon you, that shall avenge the quarrel of
my covenant: and when ye are gathered together within your cities, I
will send the pestilence among you; and ye shall be delivered into the
hand of the enemy.
26  And when I have broken the staff of your bread, ten women shall
bake your bread in one oven, and they shall deliver you your bread
again by weight: and ye shall eat, and not be satisfied.
27  And if ye will not for all this hearken unto me, but walk contrary
unto me;
28  Then I will walk contrary unto you also in fury; and I, even I, will
chastise you seven times for your sins.
29  And ye shall eat the flesh of your sons, and the flesh of your
daughters shall ye eat.
30  And I will destroy your high places, and cut down your images,
and cast your carcases upon the carcases of your idols, and my soul
shall abhor you.
31  And I will make your cities waste, and bring your sanctuaries unto
desolation, and I will not smell the savour of your sweet odours.
32  And I will bring the land into desolation: and your enemies which
dwell therein shall be astonished at it.
33  And I will scatter you among the heathen, and will draw out a
sword after you: and your land shall be desolate, and your cities waste.
34  Then shall the land enjoy her sabbaths, as long as it lieth desolate,
and ye be in your enemies' land; even then shall the land rest, and
enjoy her sabbaths.
35  As long as it lieth desolate it shall rest; because it did not rest in
your sabbaths, when ye dwelt upon it.
36  And upon them that are left alive of you I will send a faintness into
their hearts in the lands of their enemies; and the sound of a shaken
leaf shall chase them; and they shall flee, as fleeing from a sword; and
they shall fall when none pursueth. {shaken: Heb. driven}
37  And they shall fall one upon another, as it were before a sword,
when none pursueth: and ye shall have no power to stand before your
38  And ye shall perish among the heathen, and the land of your
enemies shall eat you up.
39        And they that are left of you shall pine away in their iniquity
in your
enemies' lands; and also in the iniquities of their fathers shall they
pine away with them.
Part 2
We saw earlier there were many curses for breaking the
covenant of the Ten Commandments.  Of course, the Eternal
is very merciful and compassionate if we will turn to Him and
His covenant.  Many blessings were to become common place
if they would obey the Ten Commandments.

Lev 26:40  If they shall confess their iniquity, and the iniquity of their
fathers, with their trespass which they trespassed against me, and that
also they have walked contrary unto me;  

Le 26:42  Then will I remember my covenant with Jacob, and also my
covenant with Isaac, and also my covenant with Abraham will I
remember; and I will remember the land.

The very voice of God spoke the words before the people
from the Mount.  Then God wrote the covenant with His own
hand while still on the Mount!  Moses later read the book of
the covenant to them again.  It was not intended for these
people to be ignorant of any point of the covenant.  Keep this
in mind when thinking about anyone today who is ignorant
about a major point of the covenant, the law!

The covenant was so special, that the Eternal had the
Israelites to make an ark after the fashion of the one in
heaven to store the two tables of the Ten Commandments.  
This ark was called the ark of the covenant; it was overlaid
with gold - showing great value.  This ark was placed in the
<Most Holy Place>.  The Most Holy Place was so holy that
the High Priest was the only human being on the earth who
was allowed to enter into it; and he was only allowed to go in
there one time each year.  This should tell us something about
how important the Eternal considers His ten commandments.

Continue ...
The Covenant