|Should We Use Leavened or Unleavened Bread
When Taking the Bread and Wine At Other
Occasions Than The Days Of Unleavened Bread?
We have puzzled over this question for the past few years. At first, we thought that one
should use unleavened bread only during the days of unleavened bread. Because the
writers of the Gospels called the bread artos rather than azumos, this also lent credibility
to that thought. However, an Old Testament Scripture sheds light on this question. The
priests were not to offer the blood of a sacrifice with leavened bread. The wine
represents the blood of the Messiah who is our offering or sacrifice. This seems to be a
principle for all sacrifices where the meal offering was involved, although some may argue
that this specific scripture refers to the Passover Sacrifice only. However, the wine and
bread is representative of all perspectives of the Messiah regardless of when one takes it
– one of which is the Passover perspective.
Exodus 23:18 Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leavened bread; neither shall the fat
of my sacrifice remain until the morning.
However, another Scripture seems to go beyond the Passover Sacrifice. In the following
verse, the priests were to use no leaven in <any> offering or sacrifice made by fire. This
included most of the various sacrifices that were representations of the Messiah. The
priests did not offer the meal offering by itself – it was part of the animal sacrifices
burned on the altar.
Leviticus 2:11 No meat (meal) offering, which ye shall bring unto the LORD, shall be made with
leaven: for ye shall burn no leaven, nor any honey, in any offering of the LORD made by fire.
The following Passage gives instructions concerning the meal offering. The Levites were
to bake it without leavening. God said that this meal offering was most holy and placed it
in the same category of holiness as the sin and trespass offerings. As the Messiah is our
sin and trespass offering and the wine represents the blood of His sacrifice and the bread
represents the body of His sacrifice this lends weight to always using unleavened bread
for the wine and bread ceremony. One should note that the priests used unleavened
bread throughout the year for these sacrifices, not just at the time of Unleavened Bread.
It would seem that we should do the same.
Leviticus 6:15 And he shall take of it his handful, of the flour of the meat offering, and of the oil
thereof, and all the frankincense which is upon the meat offering, and shall burn it upon the altar for
a sweet savour, even the memorial of it, unto the LORD.
16 And the remainder thereof shall Aaron and his sons eat: with unleavened bread shall it be eaten in
the holy place; in the court of the tabernacle of the congregation they shall eat it.
17 It shall not be baken with leaven. I have given it [unto them for] their portion of my offerings
made by fire; it [is] most holy, as [is] the sin offering, and as the trespass offering.
The following verse seems to relate leavening, in connection with the sacrifices, as
something unholy. As the offering was most holy, the priest did not use leavening with it.
Remember that the meal offering was offered with the animal sacrifices or sacrifices
made by fire – which are representative of the Messiah.
Leviticus 10:12 And Moses spake unto Aaron, and unto Eleazar and unto Ithamar, his sons that were
left, Take the meat offering that remaineth of the offerings of the LORD made by fire, and eat it
without leaven beside the altar: for it [is] most holy:
As the Messiah and His disciples ate the “Lord’s Supper” on the 13th of Nisan – rather
than the 14th as we have previously assumed – there would be no Jewish stipulation
against eating unleavened bread on that day, as there was on the 14th Nisan. As the
writers of the gospels did not use the word azumos for the bread of the Lord’s Supper,
each person will have to make up his own mind, which he should use, based on his
understanding of the Scriptures. For, artos can refer to either leavened or unleavened
bread, as we have shown from the Bible. However, the above Scriptures seem to point to
always using unleavened bread for the bread and wine ceremony, which are
representative of the sacrifices made by fire in the Old Testament. Do we have any
scriptures of equal value on the subject to point us to the use of leavened bread? We
know of none. Anyone offering the peace offering gave leavened bread to the priest, but
with the peace offering itself, he gave unleavened cakes. (Lev 7:11-15)