Should Children and Unconverted People
Take the Bread and the Wine?
We have explained several times in the past to different groups why only the baptized
should take the Passover.  The problem is that people go off on their own and make the
decision that it is acceptable, and do not get counsel.  In a multitude of counsel is wisdom.  

Where they make the mistake is that they do not realize that only Israelites can take the
Passover!  In the OT, Israelites were those born of the seed of Jacob – Israel – and those
who became a part of the family of Israel through the means of circumcision.

However, in the New Testament, Israelites are members of the Church of God who have
received baptism and the holy spirit.  Therefore, “children of the Israelites” in the Old
Testament does not translate into “children of the converted” in the New Testament!  
Salvation is not a family affair (Matthew 10:34-36).

However, that does not matter to some.  People who have a strong attachment to their
children want them to be special in God's sight.  Moreover, they will find every reason to
circumvent truth in place of favor for their children.

After a while, one realizes that all he can do is present the truth for others to see and
leave it to them to go their own way if they persist.  It is a sad state of affairs, but today
everyone does what is right in his own sight and yet God is watching!

Exodus 12:43 says that <no stranger> is to eat of the Passover.  A stranger in New Testament or New
Covenant terms is anyone who has not received baptism and the holy spirit.

Ex 12:43  And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the Passover: There
shall no stranger eat thereof:

The Israelite community considered a servant an Israelite if he received circumcision.  In
the New Testament, this translates into circumcision of the heart, which God gives by
means of the holy spirit.  In other words, only those who have the holy spirit have received
circumcision of the heart.  Only those who have received circumcision of the heart should
partake of the bread and the wine.

Ex 12:44 But every man's servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then
shall he eat thereof.  

A foreigner or non-Israelite could not take the Passover.  One who does not have the holy
spirit is a foreigner to the Church of God and he should not eat the New Testament
Passover – the bread and the wine.

Ex 12:45 A foreigner and an hired servant shall not eat thereof.

The congregation of Israel would translate into the family of faith.  In other words, if a
person has not received baptism, he is not a part of the family neither of God nor of the
family of the faith and he should not take of the wine and the bread.  A believer is a
spiritual Jew.

Ex 12:46 one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the
house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof.
47 All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.

If a stranger or someone outside of the nation of Israel wanted to keep the Passover, the
males had to receive circumcision.  Then he could eat the Passover, but if he had not
received circumcision, he could not eat the Passover.  In the New Testament that
translates to one who is circumcised spiritually, or has received the holy spirit and been
circumcised in his mind.  Then he can partake of the Passover.  However, if he has not
received circumcision in his/her mind then he/she should not take the Passover.  As both
males and females can receive circumcision in the mind, the woman would not trail on the
coattails of her husband, in this matter.  In the New Covenant, both males and females
must have received circumcision of the heart or in the mind with the indwelling of the holy
spirit in order to take of the wine and the bread.  Furthermore, children are not converts
just because their parents are!

Ex 12:48 And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the Passover to the LORD, let all
his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born
in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.

There is just one law, those who have received circumcision may partake of the Passover,
and those who have not received circumcision cannot partake of the Passover.  In the
New Testament that translates to anyone who has been baptized and has received the
holy spirit and therefore been circumcised in his/her heart or mind.  Those who have not
received circumcision in their hearts and minds cannot partake of the Passover.  There is
only one law for everyone on this score.

Ex 12:49 One law shall be to him that is home born, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you.

These scriptures state the reason why an unconverted person should not take the wine
and the bread.  For they would not be able to discern the Lord's body and they would eat
and drink to themselves damnation.

1Corinthians 11:29 For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to
himself, not discerning the Lord's body.

However, one might ask, Where not the disciples unconverted when they took of the
bread and wine at the Last Supper.

If we think for a moment, we will understand that the Sacrifice of the Messiah had two
faces on it.  There were those converted under the Old Covenant and those converted
under the New Covenant.  Those of the Old Covenant looked forward to the Messiah’s
Sacrifice and those in the New Covenant looked back on that Sacrifice.  Therefore, while
the disciples were unconverted that evening from the New Covenant perspective, they
were converted from the Old Covenant perspective.  The disciples had kept Passover all
their lives because they were circumcised Jews – covered under the Old Covenant.

As the bread and wine was given to them as the representation of the Messiah's body and
blood, one could perceive that they were still looking forward just like David, Moses, and
Joshua.  Although it is true that the Messiah had not yet died, this did not invalidate the
effect of His sacrifice for those living before the accomplishment of the deed.  

The disciples were living at the very transition.  They were that evening on the Old
Covenant side of the equation and after the Messiah’s resurrection, they were on the
New Covenant side of the equation!  One in transition does not always follow perfectly
with the old tradition or at first fully comprehend the new custom.

In any case, the wine and bread represents the body and blood of the Messiah.  Therefore,
it is possible that they were indeed partaking of, not only the Passover that evening when
they partook of these two symbols, but of the Sin Offering and all the other Sacrifices
that were embodied in the Sacrifice of the Messiah.  They would have done this only in a
forward-looking sort of way, for the annual observance of Passover was yet two days
away and the Passover Sacrifice – Christ – was not yet slain.

It was not the Passover evening to be sure.  It was on the 13th of Nisan when they
assembled.  Nevertheless, the bread and wine represented the Passover, as well as all the
other sacrifices that the Messiah became, regardless of when they took it.  One’s
conversion may take place in the summer.  His Passover – rescue from the world takes
place long before the annual Passover event.  In other words, Passover can be anytime of
the year for a new convert, for his Passover is Christ.