1Tim 1:13 Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious:
but I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief.
Once Paul had been jerked into reality, and given the knowledge of
the error of his ways, he realized what he had been doing and our
Master was exceedingly abundant or overflowed beyond measure
toward Paul. The faith and love that can be realized only in the
Messiah was his. Where once he had hated the <way> now he
believed without doubt that the Messiah of this <way> was the true
Messiah. He could now see the scriptures of the Old Testament
that applied to the Messiah. His love was now righteous because it
was in line with all the word of God, not with just the part
understood by the Rabbis. Where once he was a believer in the Old
Covenant, now he was made an active and knowing part of the
New Covenant. Therefore, he had knowledge of the law as before,
but now he had the deeper understanding according to the spirit of
the law and he had a desire to keep the law in its perfection.
14 And the grace of our Lord was exceeding abundant with faith and love
which is in Christ Jesus.
Paul says that you can rely on this saying, and it can be accepted
without reservation, that Yahoshua the Messiah came into the
world to make salvation possible for sinners. Paul thought
himself the greatest sinner of all. Paul's attitude was right. He
was in a position to receive the overflowing faith and love of the
Messiah. It is when a man cannot see that he has done much
wrong that there is little love and little need - he thinks - for faith.
The Messiah explains this principle in Luke 7:41-43 (see below).
15 This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ
Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief.
Luke 7:41 There was a certain creditor which had two debtors: the one
owed five hundred pence, and the other fifty.
42 And when they had nothing to pay, he frankly forgave them both. Tell
me therefore, which of them will love him most?
43 Simon answered and said, I suppose that he, to whom he forgave most.
And he said unto him, Thou hast rightly judged.
When a man tries to justify his sins, we find a man who is like a
crooked arrow. He swerves out of the way of truth. When a man
tries to justify the trials in his life as not put on him for his sins
and the need for him to turn from his evil way, we find a man who
is in the wrong attitude for the overflowing faith and love of the
Messiah. Even if we are most righteous, we will never be perfect
in this life. If we consider, from within, that we are the greatest of
all sinners, then we are in a forward moving attitude.
Paul makes a statement here that includes his last thought in verse
15 above. There he had stated that he was the chief of sinners. He
is saying in verse 16 that because he was the <chief> sinner, he was
chosen early on so that the Messiah could make manifest His long
suffering as a pattern to those who should come to the knowledge
of the truth later. Paul is saying, in so many words, that if the
Messiah could be merciful and long suffering toward him, that this
would set an example for the rest that should come afterward.
There would have no cause to worry about their past because his
was so much worse than theirs could ever be. Paul was careful to
put this statement in such a way that only true believers were being
addressed. Notice that he said, "...those who should...believe on
Him to life everlasting." In other words, those who had been
called, chosen and were faithful to the end were being addressed.
16 Howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ
might shew forth all long suffering, for a pattern to them which should
hereafter believe on him to life everlasting.
Paul ends his salutation by praising God. He attributes glory and
honor for ever and ever to the King eternal. He is the God of
eternity. God has the prerogative to give or withhold eternity to
His subjects. He inhabits eternity. He is incorruptible. He cannot
be seen. He only is God, and He is full of wisdom. Paul is speaking
of the Father and all that the Father considers Himself. Therefore,
the statement includes the Son, because the Father and the Son are
one. In other words, The Father would never think of doing His
own thing somewhere in a corner of the universe without including
the Son and the Son likewise. If glory and honor is given to the
Father, then it encompasses the Son as well. We can only know the
Father if the Son reveals Him to us.
17 Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, be
hon our and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
Isa 57:15 For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity,
whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that
is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to
revive the heart of the contrite ones.
Mt 11:27 All things are delivered unto me of my Father: and no man
knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any man the Father, save
the Son, and he to whomsoever the Son will reveal him.
In verse 18, Paul returns to the charge or commandment that he
mentioned before concerning his exhortation to these false
teachers who had swerved out of the way because they were
leaving the faith once delivered. Paul puts this charge into
Timothy's trust for execution. Paul has faith that Timothy will
carry out this duty and charge because of the gift that Timothy had
received by prophecy when the elders had laid hands on him
earlier. Paul hoped that Timothy would use the gift according to
those prophecies, to make a good war against sin. Notice here that
this way of life is a battle. It is not a foregone conclusion that the
victory is already won. Paul says that by these prophecies Timothy
<might> war (fight) a good warfare (fight). There is a struggle
going on for the purpose of not losing salvation by allowing it to slip
away as Paul mentions in Hebrews. It is he who overcomes that
will inherit life eternal.
18 This charge I commit unto thee, son Timothy, according to the
prophecies which went before on thee, that thou by them mightest war a
1Ti 4:14 Neglect not the gift that is in thee, which was given thee by
prophecy, with the laying on of the hands of the presbytery.
Heb 2:1 Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things
which we have heard, lest at any time we should let them slip.
Paul admonished Timothy to hold on to his faith. Notice that faith
obviously can be lost and must be held on to in order to keep it. But
the same is true of a good conscience. What is not of faith is sin. If
we think that something is a sin, it is a sin to us. Because some
have put away their good conscience in connection with faith, they
have made shipwreck. This is a very telling bit of information. It
tells us that the idea of grace making unnecessary the struggle for
maintaining faith with a good conscience is a wrong concept. It
tells us that one can make shipwreck, if he doesn't give heed to the
things that he has heard and lets them slip away.
19 Holding faith, and a good conscience; which some having put away
concerning faith have made shipwreck:
And in the next verse, Paul exposes two false teachers to Timothy,
by name! This knocks dead the heady talk of the "evil tongue"
doctrine being injected into the people today. Paul said that he had
delivered these two men to Satan that they might learn not to
blaspheme. How long would we get by with this sort of talk today?
Instead, we have people telling us that we ought to sacrifice
doctrine for the purpose of unity. Such advice is just the opposite
of what Paul was telling Timothy. It was Paul's hope that these
men would learn by this discipline to not blaspheme. Paul was
hoping for a positive outcome. One always gives out punishment
expecting that the one in need of punishment will turn from his evil
way, repent, and do what is right. But it seldom happens that way.
Evil is the enlightenment of the eyes of false teachers. And if the
eye is evil how great is that darkness! They think they are doing
Hymenaeus was apparently teaching that the resurrection was past
already, according to 2Tim 2:17-18. But, I think the lesson we can
learn from this for ourselves is that these men had started on a
journey and had made shipwreck as Paul stated it. This again tells
us that grace is not a one-time injection that gives us assurance of
eternal life regardless of what we say or do from that time forward.
20 Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I have delivered unto
Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme.
2Ti 2:17 And their word will eat as doth a canker: of whom is Hymenaeus
2Ti 2:18 Who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the resurrection
is past already; and overthrow the faith of some.
We see from verse one of the second chapter that it is not wrong to
pray and intercede and give thanks for <all> men, whether they be
in the faith or not.
1 I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions,
and giving of thanks, be made for all men;
In verse two Paul says that it is good to pray for those in authority
so we may peaceably live according to the way.
2 For kings, and for all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and
peaceable life in all godliness and honesty.
Paul explains the reason for his exhortation in the above two
verses. Everyone will ultimately be given the opportunity for
salvation. All will eventually have the opportunity to come to the
knowledge of the truth. So, as the Messiah is our Savior, and all
men are eventually going to be called to Him, it is acceptable for us
to pray for those outside the faith.
3 For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour;
4 Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the
After all, Paul said, There is one God and one mediator between
God and men, Yahoshua, the Messiah. The Father is the one who
forgives us. The Messiah is our High Priest mediating between the
Father and men. This verse does not in anyway prove that the
Messiah is <not> God. Paul has made clear in other scriptures that
the Messiah is God. But, as the holy spirit flows out from the
Father to the Son and to those whom the Father calls, we
understand that all that the term <God> means resides in the
Father. The Son is God because the Father allows His spirit to flow
out to Him, and because He is in the image of the Father. We will
become God for the same reason and in the same way. We will be
like Him for we will see Him as He is, and because the Father's
spirit will be flowing through us and back to Him. The Father is
supreme. He is the greatest of all. Without Him, everything else
would cease to be. The Son could not exist without the Father.
Therefore, there is only one God in the final analysis. But, we
should be aware that this understanding is not what we see
everywhere that the subject of the oneness of God is mentioned in
the Bible. Sometimes, the term refers to the <one God Family>.
But here and in several places we cannot escape that the Father is
considered the one and only true God. We know that the Messiah
said that the Father was greater than He was. We know that it
was determined to send the Spokesman or Word while He was still
eternal. This lets us know that even then the Father was greater
than the Word for the One Who does the sending is greater than
the One who is sent. Therefore, the Father was greater than the
Son was - even before the Son came to the earth! The Father and
the Son were not, and are not coequal! God the Father is above all
and over all.
5 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man
Joh 5:26 For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son
to have life in himself;
Joh 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true
God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.
At this point, I think I need to explain a verse that will likely come
up about what I have said above.
The following verse <seems> to be saying that the Messiah was
<equal> with God before He became human. A contrast is being
made about the substance of which He was composed before He
was human and after he became human. The word <equal> can
mean equal in quantity or quality. It is obvious that the Word,
before He became human, had eternal spirit life just like God the
Father. Therefore, we can safely say that the spirit life before is
being compared to the "likeness of men" in the flesh. I have also
put the definition for the word <robbery>. It means to be grasped
When we put the understanding of these two words together we
have the following: "The Messiah (the Word) who was in the form
of God did not consider that He should <hold on to> His likeness
with God, but emptied Himself of His eternal spirit life and <took
hold of> the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of
The Father was greater than the Word, even before He was
created in the likeness of men. But they were of the same
composition. The Son had been spirit just like the Father, but now
became flesh is the essence of these verses.
Php 2:6 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal
7 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a
servant, and was made in the likeness of men:
2470 isoj isos ee'-sos
probably from 1492 (through the idea of seeming); TDNT - 3:343,370; adj
AV - equal 4, agree together + 2258 2, as much 1, like 1; 8
1) equal, in quantity or quality
725 arpagmoj harpagmos har-pag-mos'
from 726; TDNT - 1:473,80; n m
AV - robbery 1; 1
1) the act of seizing, robbery
2) a thing seized or to be seized
2a) booty to deem anything a prize
2b) a thing to be seized upon or to be held fast, retained
Yahshua the Messiah gave Himself to be a ransom. In other words,
He died, in place of mankind, so that we would not have to die the
eternal death for our sins. The message of this ransom is to be
made known to everyone in due time. Not all are being called
today. Not all understand the message now. But none is held
accountable until he has received and understood the message of
6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.
1Cor 15:23 But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits;
afterward they that are Christ's at his coming.
24 Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to
God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority
Paul was ordained (set apart as) a preacher and apostle (a special
messenger) and a teacher of this good news about the ransom. He
was making this message known to as many as God had called at
that time in the Gentile world. Paul was especially sent to the
Gentiles to teach them about the faith and the truth. Paul tells
Timothy that he is speaking the truth in Christ and is not lying. For
some reason, Paul felt the need to say this to Timothy. It could be
that false teachers were claiming that Paul was a false minister.
Those who have the holy spirit can soon find out the truth about the
most elusive teacher.
7 Whereunto I am ordained a preacher, and an apostle, (I speak the truth in
Christ, and lie not;) a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and verity.
After having asserted that he was a special messenger of the good
news, one who was set apart to preach the ransom message with
authority, Paul now begins to give some instructions about what
God expects of those whom He has called and chosen.
The word <men> used in verse eight can refer to the male sex <or>
to a group of men and women in general. As Paul is giving some
instructions for the women in the next verse, it may be that he is
referring to public prayer in this verse and therefore to the men
specifically. The words <every where> may be in reference to the
assembly wherever that may be. Obviously Paul was not asking
that we go around in the grocery stores and drug stores and at
work and on the streets and etc. lifting up our hands in prayer. In
the Greek, three words are used here, more at, <in every place>.
The word <where> is more at <place>. Notice the definition of this
word below. It seems to be a specific type of place, one that is
marked off from surrounding space. This would probably be a
reference to the assembly as Paul gives other instructions following
this verse to be observed in the assembly.