The first book of Timothy was written in 69AD according to Usher.
This was about the time of the destruction of the temple, perhaps
one year before. Other authorities believe the book was written
nine years earlier than Usher. The time of the writing is important
for technical understanding. However, as the message for us today,
it is not so important.
The writer of the book or letter is Paul, <an> <apostle>. Paul was
not claiming himself as the only apostle because there were others.
And the word <apostle> means <one who is sent>. Where have we
seen that before? The term <angel> describes one who is sent!
Paul was human. An "angel" seems to be a messenger sent from
heaven. Paul was <sent> by God to be a messenger of the gospel
of Yahshua the Messiah.
And God the Father is our Savior! The Messiah does what the
Father bids Him do. The Father through The Messiah called Paul
into his apostleship.
Psalms 106:21 They forgot God their saviour, which had done great things
Notice this command as it was played out in Acts 9:4-5,15 below,
showing that it was The Messiah who gave this injunction. We can
see from Paul's words that The Messiah had already received His
desire to return to His former glory with the Father. As John
explained, He was God and He became human. He was now God
again. So, the mandate or authority of Paul's apostleship was from
The Messiah Himself. Paul was not approved for apostleship by
some human authority. God the Savior (the Father) through our
Lord Yahshua, The Messiah gave him that command. This is the
same One, who is our hope. What hope? The Messiah assures our
hope of salvation. He is our reconciliation (justification) back to
the Covenant when we fall. He is the Rock of our salvation.
However, let us not overlook the term <Lord>. The Messiah is not
only our salvation, but He is also our Master. This means that He
has commands for us to obey and He will be our salvation if we are
His obedient servants. We have been given no indication that He
will save us, if we are rebellious servants.
1Tim 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus, Christ (Yahshua, Mashiach) by the
commandment of God our Saviour, and Lord Jesus Christ, which is our
Acts 9:4 And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying unto him, Saul,
Saul, why persecute you me?
5 And he said, Who art thou, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom
thou persecute: it is hard for thee to kick against the pricks.
Acts 9:15 But the Lord said unto him, Go thy way: for he is a chosen vessel
unto me, to bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of
In verse two, we are told that the message or letter was sent to
Timothy. Paul refers to Timothy as his <son in the faith>. This
would indicate that Timothy came to the knowledge of the truth
through Paul. Timothy may have been in prison at the same time
Paul was and learned of the truth in conversing with Paul (see Heb
13:23 below). Apparently Hebrews was written in 67AD according
to Usher. This would mean that some time after Timothy learned
the truth, he was set free and now Paul is writing him from prison in
In this salutation, Paul sends a hope that grace, mercy and peace
may come from God our Father and Yahshua, The Christ - our
Master. Now as we know from other Scriptures that Yahoshua,
The Messiah is God, we can understand that Paul is using the term
<God> in reference to both the Father and The Messiah.
Whether Timothy would be the recipient of that grace, mercy and
peace, depended on many different circumstances. What was his
character like? Did he need more trials and tribulations in his life
to mold him into the man that God desired of him? How much
wisdom did Timothy have? What was the mood of the political
scene at the time and in the place where he was living? From time
to time Paul got involved in mob violence, which got out of hand so
quickly it was impossible to remain at peace.
No doubt grace would be given as long as Timothy was an obedient
servant to God. Mercy from God will come if He doesn't see the
need to allow us to learn a lesson. Peace will be given according to
what is good for us. Paul was in prison much of the time. Was God
being merciful to him? Mercy can always be seen in relative light.
While being in prison may not seem merciful, what if one compares
it to being stretched on the rack?
So, Paul is sending a positive salutation to Timothy, wishing him the
best in all things. And beyond that, he is wishing these blessings
from God Himself. The very best that God can provide, Paul is
wishing for Timothy.
1Tim 1:2 Unto Timothy, my own son in the faith: Grace, mercy, and peace,
from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord.
Heb 13:23 Know ye that our brother Timothy is set at liberty; with whom, if
he come shortly, I will see you.
In the following two verses, Paul is giving Timothy some advice
about his approach to doctrine as it applied to <teachers>.
Doctrine divides people! But that is a side effect, that cannot be
helped. In fact, when this aspect of doctrine is taken in a positive
light, it helps to keep a group united.
Today the doctrine is being pushed that we need to put doctrine on
the sideline so we can be united! Now, I ask you, which is more
important, 1) that we be united with disunity of mind; or 2) that we
hold to the truth even if it divides those of different doctrine? It is
important to be united, but united in the truth, not united in error!
If one feels the need to be united, go find a group you can agree
with and be united. Don't try to get all the different groups
together who believe something different.
Paul is telling Timothy to <charge> or give commandment to, warn
and admonish these people who were spreading false information;
to require them to cease teaching this <garbage> and to teach <no
other doctrine> than what had been delivered! This was a
command that Paul had given to Timothy earlier when he asked
Timothy to stay at Ephesus for this very purpose - there. Now Paul
is bringing this out to Timothy the second time. The devil is ever on
the loose trying to deceive the very elect, and he does this through
the doctrine espoused by <his> servants. They are not aware of his
devices, in most cases. They are simply duped into being the devil's
There were certain <fables> or false stories or inventions, legends,
of falsehood that were being put forth as truth. These myths had to
be stopped in the assembly. Timothy was not to give importance to
them or to waste time on them.
Another hang-up at that time was genealogies. We don't have that
problem today so far as I know. However, the Jews gave great
importance to genealogies. And with The Messianic Jewish
movement becoming so popular with the saints, it may become a
problem in our future. As Paul knew that salvation was extended
to the Gentiles as well as the Jews and that the tribe of Levi did
not administer the priesthood any longer, the importance of
genealogies had ceased. Even The Messiah did not have the
genealogy to be a High Priest. But as Paul shows in Hebrews, the
importance of tribes and genealogies in reference to salvation and
priesthood has ceased. What did Paul mean by <endless>
genealogies? Not that there were genealogies without end, but all
the endless wrangling over the genealogies. There were so many
obstacles to prove one's worth through genealogies that it was an
endless matter. It brought up so many questions that could not be
answered that it was a useless task taking away from the time that
could be devoted to the importance of <godly edifying which is in
So, as <godly edifying which is in faith> was the most important
thing to spend time on, what exactly is Paul talking about? The
word <edifying> is the act of building up. When we edify one
another, we build up one another. Paul is saying here that rather
than devoting so much time to genealogies and fables which are a
sink-hole of useless information, we ought to build up one another
who are in the faith in a godly sort of way. Clinging to the truth
and not being sucked into the morass of those things which cannot
be found out, was what the emphasis was to be on. Paul ends this
sentence with the command to <so do>. He has concluded the
matter with a command to leave no doubt that the approach still is
the same as originally given to Timothy at Ephesus.
1Tim 1:3 As I besought thee to abide still at Ephesus, when I went into
Macedonia, that thou mightest charge some that they teach no other doctrine,
4 Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister
questions, rather than godly edifying which is in faith: so do.
In the following verse, Paul tells Timothy that the end results of
keeping this charge given to him will be love out of a pure heart.
The conscious will be free of the ill-tempered feelings that come
about because of this endless seeking into genealogies. The
corruption that results because of the competition to see who has
the better genealogy will be lacking if Timothy abides by the
charge or commandment that Paul has given him and that he will in
turn give to these men who are involved in these wrong teachings.
There will be a good conscience, which will result in a sincere faith.
I don't think that Paul is speaking of the Ten Commandments here
at all. If we take the contents into consideration I think he is
speaking of the charge Timothy is to pass on from Paul to these
men who are teaching false doctrines and myths and genealogies
and what its result will be if Timothy follows Paul's advice.
1Tim 1:5 Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart,
and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned:
In the next verse, Paul shows that some have <swerved> into vain
jangling. A crooked arrow swerves. Crooked arrows miss the
mark because they swerve. These teachers had deviated out of the
way and had begun empty talk. In other words, they were
mouthing a lot of words, but saying nothing important. Paul was not
afraid to call a spade a spade. Paul either didn't know about or
didn't agree with the "evil tongue" doctrine that we are being
drugged with today. Paul told Timothy that these teachers had
become real good at saying a whole lot of words, without saying
They desired to be teachers or doctors of the law, but didn't
understand what they were saying or what they claimed to be true.
They wanted to be considered Rabbis, men who taught the law.
They wanted the lofty position this would give them, but they didn't
understand the law, even to the point of going out on a limb
claiming things that they could not prove about the law, especially
in relationship to the changes made since The Messiah. Paul did
affirm that <we> Paul and Timothy knew the law was good - if a
man uses it lawfully. In other words, if a man uses the law
<properly> it is good. Paul had seen too many men who used the
law for their own advantage. The Pharisees, of whom he had been
a part, were notorious for using the law improperly for their own
advantage. And these men were following in the steps of the
Pharisees, whether they knew it or not!
1Tim 1:6 From which some having swerved have turned aside unto vain
7 Desiring to be teachers of the law; understanding neither what they say,
nor whereof they affirm.
8 But we know that the law is good, if a man use it lawfully;
The law, Paul said, is not made for a righteous man, but for the
lawless and disobedient. In other words, a righteous man has
already learned what his character and conduct should be. He does
not need the law to tell him that he should not murder. He does not
need the law to tell him to rest on the Sabbath. He does not need
the law to tell him to worship God only. He is righteous, which
means that he has already accepted the terms of the Covenant and
no longer needs someone to hold the law over him to get him to
The law is for the wicked man; and it must be held over his head
because he persists in going his own wicked way. Why are more
and more laws being put on the books every day? Not because
people are doing what is right and good; but because wicked people
are trying to seek a way around the law for their own advantage?
Paul indicates here that the law is sound doctrine. Therefore, Paul
is upholding the law.
1Tim 1:9 Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but
for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy
and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for
10 For whore mongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for
men stealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing
that is contrary to sound doctrine;
Paul says that this understanding above is according to the gospel
of God. But whom is Paul referring to in this statement by the term
<God>? We will see in the next verse that the One Paul is
referring to is none other than The Messiah Himself. Paul called
the glorified Messiah, God. It was the good news of the Messiah
that Paul had been entrusted with. And according to this gospel,
Paul understood that the law was for those who broke the law. But
for those who were obedient to the Master, the Messiah, there was
no need for the law for it had already been written on their hearts.
They have the law in their innermost being, and it shines forth from
them in their character. They know when they slip and fall and
they know what to do about it. They don't just brush themselves
off and continue sinning.
11 According to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, which was
committed to my trust.
Paul shows in this next verse that it was the Messiah, his Master
who enabled him in this trust of the gospel of God. It was the
Messiah who considered Paul a faithful witness of this gospel; and
it was the Messiah who put Paul into the ministry of the gospel. In
the two verses from Romans below, Paul refers to the same gospel
as the gospel of God and the gospel of the Messiah. It was God
through the Messiah who put Paul into the ministry of the gospel,
the gospel that had to do with the salvation of mankind through the
sacrifice of the Messiah. The gospel is about salvation and about
the way to salvation. That way is the Messiah. Paul was thankful
for this commission.
1Tim 1:12 And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who hath enabled
me, for that he counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry;
Ro 1:1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated
unto the gospel of God,
Ro 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of
God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to
Paul had been a blasphemer. He spoke evil of the way. Paul had
been a persecutor. He had men put in prison that believed in the
way. Paul had been injurious. He held the cloaks of the men who
put Stephen to death. He had acted shamefully before his
conversion to the truth. But the mighty Messiah had something in
store for Paul. He was to suffer much for the sake of the gospel.
Paul did obtain mercy for his wrong life style and was made an
apostle of the gospel. He had done his evil deeds in ignorance, not
having been given belief in the truth until his Damascus
experience. I fear that some that call themselves of the truth have
never had their Damascus experience. They are still ignorant of
the gospel of God, the gospel of the Messiah.